Mahya Ghouchani, Mohammad Taji


This research aims to study the effects of meaning, body, and activity on increasing the sense of spirituality in a mosque. To this end, a descriptive-analytic methodology was formulated in three stages based on the mutual relations between the independent variables of the structure's body and the dependent variables of mental concepts and activities. Initially, the pattern of people's movement from the entrance to the praying niche and the degree of proximity of the spaces were studied using the material flow patterns technique and the diagram for the relationship between activities. Then, the relationship between the ritual movements of the prayer and the mosque's architecture was analyzed. The magnitude of load in the human body caused by the movements in the prayer was measured using the OWAS technique. Finally, the spiritual moods and the meaningful concepts affected by light and color were analyzed based on the movement patterns of the prayers in the mosques. The results indicated that Islamic wisdom (including spatial order) directly affects and plays a significant role in determining the relationship between the mosque's various spaces and the mosque's structure in general


promotion of spirituality; architecture of the mosque; sense of place; material flow pattern; OWAS

Full Text:



L. Hosseinzadeh, Z. Raiesi & F. Karimi, "An Analysis of the Sense of Location in Iranian Mosques and its Relationship with Human Being from the Point of View of Environmental Psychology (Case Study: Imam Isfahan Mosque)," Third International Conference on Applied Research in Civil Engineering, Urban Architecture and Management, University of Khaje Nasir al-Din Tusi, Tehran, 2015.

H. Nasr, Art, and Spirituality, Translated by: Rahmati Inhallah, Art Academy, 2010.

T. Burkhart. Islamic Art; Language and Expression, Translation of Massoud Rajabnia, Tehran: Soroush Publication, 2013.

M. Naghizadeh, Islamic Architecture and Urban Planning (Theoretical Foundations), Isfahan: Rahian Publications, 2006.

M.R. Bemanian & M.A. Alinasab, "Investigating the role of light in explaining the sequence of mosque architecture (Case study: Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Isfahan)", Journal of Art Research, Vol 2, no. 4, pp. 71-82, 2012.

J. Mehdi Nejad, H.R. Azamati, H. Sadeghi, & A. Abadi, "Ranking of spirituality indices in the architecture of traditional mosques based on the perception of spirituality using the VIKOR method", Journal of Ontological Research, vol. 7, no. 14, pp. 59-82, 2018.

M. Reiszadeh, & H. Mofid, "Mosque in Urban Architecture and Deafness Deviation of the Qibla," Proceedings of the 2nd Architecture Conference of Mosque. Isfahan: Art University, 1999.

A. Akhtari, "Mosques Construction and Islamic Approaches," Mosque Journal, vol. 81, pp. 60-70, 2004.

N. Karimian Sardashti, "Maqsura in the Mosque," Proceedings of the 1st Mosque Architecture Conference. Isfahan: Art University, 1999.

M. Mahdavinejad, & M. Mashayekhi, "Designing mosques based on social-cultural functions," Armanshahr Journal, vol. 5, pp. 65-67, 2010.

M. Hamzenejad, Conceptual Principles and Practical Strategies in Designing the Architecture of Religious Buildings in Shia Attitudes (Case Study: Conceptual Differences in the De-sign of Mosque, Mazar and Mosala). Doctoral dissertation, Tehran: Library of the University of Science and Technology (Digital), 2011.

M. Hamzenejad, & M. Arabi, "Investigating the Islamic Originality of Iran in Contemporary Modern Mosques", Journal of Studies on Irani-an-Islamic City, vol. 15, pp. 42-61, 2014.

J.A. Tompkins, J.A. White, Y.A. Bozer, & J.M.A. Tanchoco, Facilities Planning, United States: Wiley, 1984.

R. Richard, B. Olery, & K. Mutsonziwa, "Measurement Quality of Life in Informal Settlements South Africa", Social indicator research, vol. 81, pp. 375-388, 2007.

H. Dabagh, Ergonomic study of work conditions in drilling and exploding mine openings and their comparison with each other, master's thesis, Islamic Azad University, Shahroud Branch, 2018.

N. Fığlalı, A. Cihan, H. Esen, & A. Fığlalı, "Image processing-aided working posture analysis: I-OWAS", Computers & Industrial Engineering, vol. 85, pp. 384-394, 2015.

M. Hoomanirad & A. Sharafinafar, "Conductivity in the Ergonomics and Spirituality of Daylight in the Architecture of the Mosques", Armanshahr, vol. 8, pp. 1-13, 2015.

A. Jalali & M.A. Rostaminejad, “Human Factors Engineering”, Eslah & Tarbiyat, vol. 10, no. 108, pp. 44-53, 2011.

H. Iman Talab & S. Gerami, "The ratio of mean-ing and form (adaptation of thought architecture of the mosque and the formulation of prayer)", Islamic Art Studies Journal, vol. 16, pp. 77-88, 2012.

R. Shaterian, Architecture Analysis of Mosques in Iran, Tehran: Nopardazan Publication, 2011.



  • There are currently no refbacks.