Tunis’s New Mosques Constructed Between 1975 and 1995: Morphological Knowledge

imen cherif, Najla Allani Bouhoula

Abstract


The mosque has always been a prominent unit that used to structure the old Islamic cites. Its architecture through the Muslim world has always aroused the interest of many researchers. Actually, mosques are still built while undergoing the changes which occurred on the modern societies. However, only few research who have been interested in the new mosques. This paper targets the architecture of mosques built in Tunis governorate between 1975 and 1995. Through a morphological analysis of 24 mosques we were able to determine their identity and their morphological structure. According to their form and position, we discovered classes of specimen and classes of segments. Our corpus presents several constants and variations that we can explain though the introduction of some extrinsic attributes. In fact, these architectural objects possess some morphological specifications related to some urban, functional and historical factors.

Keywords


New mosque; Tunis governorate; morphological structure; form; position

Full Text:

PDF

References


U. Vogt-Göknil, Mosquées : Grands Courants de L'architecture Islamique, ‎Paris, Le chêne, 1975.

L.Golvin, La mosquée: ses origines, sa morphologie, ses diverses fonctions, son rôle dans la vie. Alger : Institut d'études supérieures islamiques d'Alger , 1960

G.Marçais, L’art Musulman, Paris 1962

G. Michell, Architecture of the Islamic World: Its Hisotry and Social Meaning. Thames and Hudson, Londres, 1978.

T. Burckardt, L’art de l’Islam, langage et signification, Sindbad, Paris, 1985.

Serageldin, J. Steele, Architecture of the Contemporary Mosque, Academy Editions, Londre,1996

Cetin, Murat, “Back to Future; Essence of Mosque Design and a New Generic Architectural Typology”, in Lonaard Magazine . May2011, Vol. 1 Issue 3, pp65-57.

P.Sebag, Great Mosque of Kairouan, Macmillan, New York, 1965

A. Lézine, Sousse : Les Monuments Musulmans, Cères productions, Tunis, 1968

G. Marçais et L.Golvain, La Grande Mosquée de Sfax, Imprimerie La Rapide, Tunis, 1960

Ben Mami, M.B., “La Mosquée Mohamed Bey, un Exemple de la Présence Architecturale et Artistique Ottomane dans la Médina de Tunis”,Africa, Série A.T.P., n° 12, pp. 1-22.

I. Cherif, Mosque of Tunis Gouvernorate Constructed Between 1975 and 1995: Morphological Knowledge and Modeling, unpublished Master’s Thesis in Architecture supervised by Najla Allani Bouhoula, National School of Architecture and Urbanism, 2013.

B. Duprat, Morphologie Appliquée: l’analyse des Conformations Architecturales, ses Problèmes, ses Principes, ses Méthodes, HDR, LyonIII: Université jean moulin, Faculté de philosophie, 1999.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/jia.v3i3.2743

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)



 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EDITORIAL OFFICE
 
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Phone (+62) 341 558933, Facsimile (+62) 341 558933
e-mail: journal.islamicarchitecture@gmail.com / jia@uin-malang.ac.id

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under CC-BY-SA

© All rights reserved 2019. Journal of Islamic Architecture, ISSN 2086-2636, e-ISSN 2356-4644

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

view my stats

Flag Counter  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------