UNIVERSAL DESIGN AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN MASJID NEGARA, MALAYSIA

Nangkula Utaberta, Mahsa Dabbagh Niya, Azmal Bin Sabil

Abstract


Malaysia to become seeks to become a fully developed country by 2020. Among nine central challenges demonstrated in the body of the “Vision 2020” is “the challenge of establishing a fully caring society” (WAWASAN 2020). Along with developed societies overcoming such dysfunctional built environments has become under consideration in Malaysia as well to remove barriers and provide equal access of people with disabilities (PWDS) to all public services. Notwithstanding practical steps taken, there are still dissatisfactions from the members of public toward public buildings which cause restriction in PWDS daily life. Previous studies has also raised claims against inaccessibility of mosque buildings as well.  In order to realization of a barrier-free built environment for a huge portion of Malaysia population, this research aimed to investigate accessibility and usability of Malaysian mosques for PWDS. Masjid Negara was selected for the purpose of this study. The most recent revision of available Malaysian Standard of MS 1184:2014, “Universal Design and Accessibility in the Built Environment - Code of Practice”, became the reference in this study. A comprehensive evaluation checklist was constructed for the purpose of a systematic observation including 162 checkpoints under 22 items of accessibility.

Keywords


People with Disabilities; Accessibility; Masjid Negara; MS 1184:2014

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd Shukor, S., & Othman, N. A. (2010). Attitude of Event Organisers towards Disabled Attendees for the Development of Barrier-Free Tourism. In The 5th World Conference for Graduate Research in Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure, 25 – 30 May 2010 (pp. 634–649). Cappadocia, Turkey.

Persons with Disabilities Act (2008). Malaysia: Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad.

Thapar, N., Warner, G., Drainoni, M.-L., Williams, S. R., Ditchfield, H., Wierbicky, J., & Nesathurai, S. (2004). A Pilot Study of Functional Access to Public Buildings and Facilities for Persons with Impairments. Disability & Rehabilitation, 26(5), 280–289.

Putnam, M., Greenen, S., Powers, L., Saxton, M., Finney, S., & Dautel, P. (2003). Health and Wellness: People with Disabilities Discuss Barriers and Facilitators to Well Being. Journal of Rehabilitation, 69, 37–45.

Nosek, M. A., Foley, C. C., Hughes, R. B., & Howland, C. A. (2001). Vulnerabilities for Abuse Among Women with Disabilities. Sexuality and Disability, 19(3), 177– 189. of Rehabilitation, 69, 37–45.

Abdul Rahim, A., & Abdullah, F. (2009). Access Audit on Universal Design: The Case of Kota Kinabalu Water Front. Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 4(4), 49–58.

Iwarsson, S., & Ståhl, A. (2003). Accessibility, Usability and Universal Design- Positioning and Definition of Concepts Describing Person-Environment Relationships. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25(2), 57–66.

Story, F. M. (2001). Principles of universal design. In W. F. E. Preiser & E. Ostroff (Eds.), Universal Design Handbook (p. 4.1–4.6). New York: McGraw-Hil.

Connell, B. R., & Sanford, J. A. (1999). Research implications of Universal Design. In E. Steinfeld & G. Danford (Eds.), Enabling Environments: Measuring the Impact of Environment on Disability and Rehabilitation (pp. 35–57). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers

Ostroff, E. (2001). Universal Design: the New Paradigm. In W. F. E. Preiser & E. Ostroff (Eds.), Universal Design Handbook (2nd editio., p. 1.3–1.12). New York: McGraw Hill.

Mace, R. L. (1998). A Perspective on Universal Design. Retrieved January 24, 2015, from http://www.ncsu.edu/ncsu/design/cud/about_us/usronmacespeech.htm

Imrie, R. (1998). Oppression, Disability, and Access in the Built Environment. In T. Shakespeare (Ed.), Disability Reader: Social Science Perspectives (pp. 129–146). London: Cassell.

Daniel, T. C., Wheeler, L., Boster, R. S., & Best, P. R. (1973). Quantitative Evaluation of Landscapes: An Application of Signal Detection Analysis to Forest Management Alternatives. Man-Environment Systems, 3, 330–344.

Mazumdar, S., & Mazumdar, S. (2004). Religion and place attachment: A Study of Sacred Places. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(3), 385–397.

Mohamad Rasdi, M. T., & Utaberta, N. (2010). The Design of Mosques as Community Development Centers from the Perspective of the Sunna And Wright’S Organic. Islamic Architecture, 1(1), 1–7.

Abdul Rahim, A., Abd Samad, N. A., Che Rahib, C. R., & Badhrulhisham, A. (2014). Providing Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities ( Pwds ) in Malaysian Existing Mosques. In UD 2014, Campus LTH at Lund University, Sweden, 15-18 June 2014.

Qasmi, M. F. (2012). Reviving the institution of Masjid in Islam. Retrieved February 03, 2015, from http://www.understanding-islam.org.uk/

Najafi, M. (2012). Place AttachmenttTo Contemporary Public-Funded Mosques in Malaysia. (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation).University Putra Malaysia.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/jia.v4i4.4499

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Islamic Architecture

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EDITORIAL OFFICE
International Center for Islamic Architecture 
from the Sunnah (CIAS) 
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Phone (+62) 341 558933(+62) 341 558933, Facsimile (+62) 341 558933(+62) 341 558933
e-mail: journal.islamicarchitecture@gmail.com / jia@uin-malang.ac.id

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under CC-BY-SA

© All rights reserved 2015. Journal of Islamic Architecture, ISSN 2086-2636, e-ISSN 2356-4644

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

view my stats

Flag Counter  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------