Regularized Ordinal Regression with Elastic Net Approach (Case Study: Poverty Modeling in Yogyakarta Province 2018)

Pardomuan Robinson Sihombing, Yudhie Andriyana, Bertho Tantular


Generally, modeling poverty aims to obtain the best criteria for assessing poverty status. There are two approaches to model the factors that affect poverty, namely consumption approach and discrete choice model. The advantage of the discrete choice model compared to the consumption approach is that the discrete choice model provides a probabilistic estimate for classifying samples into different poverty categories. This study aims to examined how the factors that affect poverty in Yogyakarta through Regularized Ordinal Regression with elastic net approach both for parallel, non-parallel, and semi-parallel models. The data used in this study is Susenas March 2018 for Yogyakarta provinces. The result of this study shows that the best discrete choice model for Yogyakarta’s modelling is the parallel model. Households that live in villages, have a large number of household members, are headed by women, have elderly household heads, have low education, and work in the primary sector tend to be more vulnerable to poverty. Therefore, a simultaneous policy with inclusive economic development is needed to reduce cross-border, cross-gender, and cross-sector inequality


Elastic Net; Ordinal Regression; Parallel; Poverty

Full Text:



Badan Pusat Statistik, Data dan Informasi Kemiskinan Kabupaten/Kota 2018, Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik, 2018.

F. Rouband and M. Razafindrakoto, "The Multiple Facets of Poverty: the case of urban Africa," 2003.

P. McCullagh, "Regression Models for Ordinal Data," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological), vol. 42 No 2, pp. 109-142, 1980.

E. Fissuh and M. Harris, "," 2004. [Online]. Available:

M. J. Wurm, P. J. Rathouz and B. M. Hanlon, "Regularized Ordinal Regression and the ordinalNet R Package," 2017. [Online]. Available:

J. C. Anyanwu, "Marital Status, Household Size and Poverty in Nigeria: Evidence from the 2009/2010 Survey Data," African Development Review, p. 118–137, 2014.

R. Gounder and Z. Xing, "Impact of education and health on poverty reduction: Monetary and non-monetary evidence from Fiji," Economic Modelling, vol. 29, no. 3, p. 787–794, 2012.

P. Lanjouw and M. Ravallion, "Poverty and Household Size," The Economic Journal , vol. 105, no. 433, p. 1415–1434, 1995.

A. S. Rahayu, "Kehidupan Sosial Ekonomi Single Mother dalam Ranah Domestik dan Publik," Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi, vol. 6, no. 1, 2017.

M. Buvinić and G. Rao Gupta, "Female-headed households and female-maintained families: Are they worth targeting to reduce poverty in developing countries?," Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 45, no. 2, p. 258–280, 1997.

D. F. Meyer, "PREDICTORS OF POVERTY: A Comparative Analysis of Low Income Communities in The Northern Free State Region, South Africa. Online)," International Journal Of Social Sciences And Humanity Studies, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 1309–8063, (2016).

M. Awan, M. Sarwar, W. Muhammad, N. Malik, H. Sarwar and M. Waqas, "AMunich Personal RePEc Archive Impact of education on poverty reduction," International Journal of Academic Research, 3., 2011.

I. B. E. Artika, A. M. S. Kencana and I. A. K. Marini, "Pergeseran Lapangan Usaha Sektor Pertanian, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Penurunan Tingkat Kemiskinan di Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat," Jurnal Unmas Mataram, pp. 111 - 117, 2018.

F. Fahar, "Researchgate," 2015. [Online]. Available: Kemiskinan_dan_Ketenagakerjaan_di_Kepulauan_Riau_2014_Permasalahan_dan_Implikasi_Kebijakan



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office
Mathematics Department,
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Faximile (+62) 341 558933

Creative Commons License
CAUCHY: Jurnal Matematika Murni dan Aplikasi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.