THE ADDITION EFFECT OF (NaOH AND KOH) TO THE BIOGAS PURIFICATION

Yuninda Fahmayanti, Ahmad Abtokhi

Abstract


Biogas is a gas produced by the decomposition of organic materials involving microorganisms in the anaerobic state. The research focused on obtaining good quality biogas through NaOH and KOH purification by reducing H2S and CO2 levels. The purification of biogass proceeded in a variation of absorbent concentrations 0,05M, 0,1M, 0,15M  NaOH and KOH solution.  Gas chromatography chose for biogas characterization. Based on TCD detector in gas chromatography, it represented concentration area in percentage (%). The content of biogas for control was 2.14% CO2 and 0% H2S. The Addition of 0.05; 0,1M; 0,15M NaOH produced  1,57%, 1,56% and 2,98% CO2 respectively. Moreover, the addition of 0.05 M; 0,1M; 0,15M KOH yielded 0.81%, 0,30% and 1,03% CO2. The highest of the burning calories was the NaOH 0,15M amount of 66,528 kcal and the lowest of the burning calories was the 0,1M KOH amount of 38,976 kcal.


Keywords


Biogas; Purification; Gas Chromatography; The Burning Calories.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dharmanto, Nizam, Suyitno. Teknologi Biogas: Pembuatan, Operasional dan Pemanfaatan. Jakarta: Graha Ilmu; 2010.

Hermawan, Beni. Pemanfaatan Sampah Organik sebagai Sumber Biogas untuk Mengatasi Krisis Energi dalam Negeri. Bandar Lampung: Universitas Lampung; 2007.

Yunus, Mokhammad. Teknik Membuat dan Memanfaatkan Unit Gas Bio. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Metty, dkk. Pemurnian Biogas Dari Gas Pengotor Hidrogen Sulfida (H2S) dengan Memasukkan Limbah Garam Besi Proses Pembubutan. Jurnal Energi dan Manufakatur. 2012;5(1).

Wiratmana. Studi Eksperimental Pengaruh Variasi Bahan Kering terhadap Produksi dan Nilai Kalor Biogas Kotoran Sapi. Bali: Universitas Udayana; 2012.

Simamora. Membuat Biogas Pengganti Bahan Bakar Minyak dan Gas dari Kotoran Ternak. Bogor: Agromedia Pustaka.

Hidayat, Fahrurozzi dan Wahyu. Studi Tekno-Ekonomi Pemurnian Biogas dari Limbah Domestik. Yogyakarta: UGM; 2012.

Sasongko. N.M. Pengaruh Presentase CO2 terhadap Karakteristik Pembakaran Difusi Biogas. Jurnal Teknik Mesin. 2014;12(2).

Prayugi, Sumarlan dan Yulianingsih. Pemurnian Biogas dengan Sistem Pengembunan dan Penyaringan Menggunakan Berbagai Bahan Media. Jurnal Teknik Pertanian. 2015;3(1):7-14.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/neu.v10i2.4410

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Neutrino:Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Address:
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sains and Technlogy, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, Indonesia
B.J. Habibie 2nd Floor  
Gajayana st. No.50 Malang 65144
Telp. 082-337-308-100
Email: neutrino@uin-malang.ac.id

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

© All rights reserved 2015. Jurnal Neutrino:Jurnal Fisika dan Aplikasinya (ISSN:1979-6374 , EISSN:2460-5999)

View My Stats

Indeksasi Nasional dan Internasional

       

View My Stats