THEMES AND WRITING TECHNIQUES OF ‘JOURNAL OF AN ORDINARY GRIEF’ BY MAHMOUD DARWISH

Akram Roshanfekr, Fahime Mousavi

Abstract


Today, writing biography in literature is accompanied by some advancement, namely autobiography. Mostly autobiographies  imply the purpose of the writer containing several writing types including historiography, counting the days, memory writing, reportage, story writing, or travel writing. They also use techniques such as dialogue and description in order to involve the reader in the course of his life events happened. This study employs a descriptive-analytic method to ‘Journal of an Ordinary Grief’ by Mahmoud Darwish for examining its autobiographical themes and techniques. The most important result of the current study is that seven different writing techniques were applied in ‘Journal of an Ordinary Grief’. Darwish used report writing and interview method in narrating interrogations, and in this way, he presented more information about the contact style of hostile forces and their oral literature for his work's reader access. It considers the development of content in describing his life events by which he has produced a social-political autobiography.

Keywords


autobiography; Mahmoud Darwish;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdolnour, Jabour, 1979, al-Mo’jam al-Adabi, Beirut, Dar al-Elm Lel-molae’en, 1st edition.

al-Tounji, Mohammad, 1993, al-Mo’jam al-Mofasal fi al-Adab, Beirut, Dar al-Kotob al-Elmiyeh.

Avad, Nasir, 2009, E’de Entaj al-Hadese-Derase Tatbighiye fi al-Ketabeh Le-seyer al-Zatiyeh, Damascus, Dar al-Ninoi (Comparative Study of Autobiography Writing).

Dad, Sima, 2006, Dictionary of Literary Terms, Tehran, Morvarid, 3rd edition.

Darwish, Mahmoud, 1988, Youmiat al-Hozn al-Adi, Beirut, Dar al-Oudat, 5th Edition. (Journal of an Ordinary Grief).

Jarar, Hosni Adham, 1995, Nekbat Felestin, Aman, Dar al-Forghan (Misfortune of Palestine).

Kana’neh, Sharif, 1988, al-Gara al-Felestiniyeh al-Madmareh, Morocco, al-Manzameh al-Eslamiyeh Lel-tarbiat va al-Olom va al-Seghafe (Palestine’s Ruined Villages).

Mahfouz, Abdollatif, 2009, Vazifa al-Vasf fi al-Revayat, Beirut, al-Dar al-Arabiyh Lel-olom Nasheron (The Function of Description Technique in the Novel).

Mirsadeghi, Jamal, 1997, Elements of the Story, Tehran, Elmi.

Mosaleh, Noraldin, 2001, Israel al-Kobra va al-Felestinion, Beirut, Mo’sese al-Daraste al-Felestiniyeh (Grand Israel and Palestinians).

Rastegar-Fasaii, Mansour, 2001, Types of Persian Prose, Tehran, SAMT, 1st edition.

Razmjou, Hossein, 1995, Literary Types and Their Works in Persian Language, Mashhad, Astan Qods Razavi Publications, 3rd edition.

Roushanfekr, Akram, 2014, Woman in the Fiction Literature of Lebanon, Rasht, Katibeh Gil.

Shamisa, Sirus, 1996, Literary Types, Ferdowsi, 4th edition.

Shoufani, Elias, 1998, al-Mojaz fi Tarikh Felestin al-Siasi, Beirut, Mo’sese al-Daraste al-Felestiniyeh (Brief Political History of Palestine).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/ling.v13i2.4518



Copyright (c) 2018 LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Member of:

Crossref

Indexed by:

EBSCO Dimension DOAJ Google Scolar  Sinta Sinta InaSTI Moraref  Journal TOCS          Microsoft Academic Search

Editorial Office:
Laboratory of Information and Publication, Faculty of Humanities
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Email: jurnallingua@gmail.com
Phone: +62 (0)341 570872


Creative Commons License
LiNGUA by Laboratory of Information and Publication, Faculty of Humanities is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/humbud/index.