ISLAM DI SPANYOL: Kemunduran dan Kehancuran

Firdaus Firdaus

Abstract


Islam in Spain had an important role in many areas, especially science and culture. The history reveals that Islam reached its peak in the era of Abd al Rahman III (912-961 AD) when Cordova became the center of Islamic civilization in Western World, and one of the centers of world civilization (Hitti, no year: 165). After reaching its peak, Islam domination declined due to the change of political structure. Decline and destruction of Islam in Spain were caused by some factors, both internal and external, that is, the attack from the Christians who directly destroyed Islam, but the most dominant factor was the internal factor of Islam itself.

Keywords


Islam, peak, decline, destruction

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/el.v0i0.437

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