PERKEMBANGAN PERJANJIAN DALAM PRAKTIK PERDAGANGAN (PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM DAN HUKUM POSITIF)

Cindawati Cindawati

Abstract


Agreement in human life to protect the rights and obligations are balanced. Differences in Islamic Law Perspective: Halal, agreed, able, without coercion, consent and Qobul. While the perspective of Positive Law: agree, capable, certain things, certain circumstances in accordance with Article 1320 of the Civil Code. The equation embracing principle of freedom of contract (al-Hurriyah) Islamic law is based on freedom of contract and volunteerism of each of the parties to a transaction (Q.S.An-Nisa ', 29). Give freedom to every person doing contract as desired, specify its legal consequences are religious teachings. The development of standard agreements in practice must be based on Sharia Principles provide benefits both parties, within the limits of lawful and unlawful, and the limits of public order and contract law, the provisions of Islamic law which is original. Perspective Positive Law: Principles embraced Open, gives the broadest freedom has entered into agreements contain anything, does not violate public order and morality. Rapid trade development followed the model "Standard Agreement". Business actors prepare raw clauses in the Agreement and can be accepted by the community. Raw agreements as a form of efficiency, the parties benefit and advantage to both parties.

Keywords


Islamic Perspective; Positive Law; Trade;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/j.v7i2.3717

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Published By:

Jurusan Hukum Bisnis Syariah
Fakultas Syariah
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jl. Gajayana No. 50, 65144 Malang
Telp./Fax.: (0341) 559399
Email: jurisdictie@uin-malang.ac.id

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