An Overview of Madrasah Model of Education in Indonesian System of Education: Opportunity and Challenges

Saifuddin Ahmad Husin


Madrasahs evolved from Pesantren model of education. While pesantrens were the comparative model of the colonial Dutch model of education, madrasahs are hybrid model of the two. The emergence and development of madrasahs is based on Islamic principle of “keeping traditions and adopting the new when it is better.” There is distinction between Madrasahs and Pesantren. Madrasahs are general education schools run by Islamic institutions to provide education to Muslim pupils together with religious instruction. Pesantren are Islamic Boarding Schools for teaching Islamic studies. Some madrasahs are part of the pesantren system, others are not. In decentralization perspective madrasahs face the challenges of ensuring district government to maintain a vibrant private madrasah community, addressing common fears that their Islamic characteristics will disappear, dividing the line between general and religious education when madrasah teach an Islamic approach to general education balancing the demands for improved quality and increased enrolment.


Madrasah; Pesantren Development; Decentralization; Reform

Full Text:



ADB Final Report of the Madrasah Education Sub-sector Assessment, 2003.

Banjarmasin Post Daily, July 12, 2007

FkBA Yogyakarta. (2000). Proposal Program Inservice Training KKG, MGMP, dan KKM. unpublished proposal Basic Education Project (BEP) ADB Loan 1442-INO.

Haidar P. (2001). Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia, Bandung: Cita Pustaka Media.

Indonesia Education Sector Review. Education in Indonesia: Managing the Transition to Decentralization. Vol. 1, February 2004.

Jamaluddin, ed. (2002). Madrasah Menggugat, Madrasah Digugat (Madrasah Accuses and Madrasah Accused), Jakarta: EMIS-BEP

LkAM Banjarmasin. (2001). Proposal Program Inservice Training KKG-MI, MGMP-MTs. unpublished proposal to Basic Education Project (BEP) ADB Loan 1442-INO.

Kumpulan TAP MPR RI (Compilation of Decrees of People’s Representative Body of the Republic of Indonesia).


Copyright (c) 2018 Madrasah: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Madrasah Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar

Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan

Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang


EDC, Punjabi UniversityFakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan, Jalan Gajayana No. 50 Kota Malang, Indonesia
See the source image@j.madrasah.ppd
See related image detail@j.madrasah.ppd
Phone 081216703170
See the source imageFaks 081216703170


index width="100" 



Madrasah: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar  Creative Commons License  This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright  ©2021 Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang Powered by Open Journal Systems.