Qonita Camelia Asyiqatul Maula, Ulfah Muhayani


This study uncovers the types and functions of sarcastic expression used in the news of Disney Mulan Live-Action Movie by China Uncensored YouTube channel. The data used in this study is a transcript of the monologue videos taken from China Uncensored YouTube Channel with the title Mulan Backlash: Why Disney’s China Problem Just Got Worse, which was published on September 15, 2020, and has been watched by 426,000 people until October 30, 2020. This study analyzed the types and functions of the sarcastic expressions using Camp’s theory. The most frequently used sarcastic expression was proportional sarcasm with 45% out of 100%, illocutionary sarcasm 27%, lexical sarcasm 18% and the least used sarcasm is like-prefixed sarcasm, which was only 9%. Metaphor and irony appeared in the sarcastic expression of the speech to insult the Movie. The whole sarcastic expressions were used to change Disney’s goals and criticize social and cultural systems.

Full Text:



Andriadi, M. Y. (2019). A Pragmatics Analysis of Sarcastic Utterances on Homeland-Pilot Tv Script. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, 1-7.

Attardo, S. (2001). Humor and Irony in Interaction: from Mode Adoption to Failura of Detection. Say no to Say: New Perspective on Miscommunication L. Anolli, R. Ciceri and G. Riva (Eds.) IOS Press, , 166-185.

Bachtiar, E. S., & Hardjanto, T. D. (2018). Sarcastic Expressions in Two American Movies. LEXICON Volume 5, Number 2, 152-166.

BBC. (2018, November 2018). Mickey Mouse at 90: Pictures of Disney icon through the years. Retrieved from News Round:,his%20debut%20cartoon%20Steamboat%20Willie.

Cahyani, E. H. (2017). A Study of Sarcasm in the American Sitcom "The Big Bang Theory" (An Undergraduate Thesis). Sanata Dharma University, 1-103.

Camp, E. (2011). Sarcasm, pretense, and the semantics/pragmatics distinction. Nous, 45 (4), 1-48.

China Power Team. (2020, August 26). Is China Contributing to the United Nations’ Mission? Retrieved from China Power Project, Novemeber 5, 2020:

Christiani, A. L. (2016). The Analysis of Sarcastic Utterances and the Hearer's responses in "Two Broke Girls" Tv Series Episode 1, Season 1 To season 5 (An Undergraduate Thesis). Sanata Dharma University, 1-122.

Frain, A., & Wubben, S. (2016). SatiricLR: a Language Resource of Satirical News Articles . The Association for Computational Linguistics, 4137-4140.

Halimah, S. N., & Hilaliyah, H. (2019). Gaya Bahasa Sindiran Najwa Shihab dalam Buku Catatan Najwa. DEIKSIS Vol. 11 No. 02, 157-165.

Huang, L., Gino, F., & Galinsky, A. D. (2015). The highest form of intelligence: Sarcasm increases creativity for both expressers and recipients. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 131, 162-177.

Hurford, J. R., Heasley, B., & Smith, M. B. (2007). Semantics A Coursebook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Khan, S. A., & Ali, F. F. (2020). Sarcasm Detection. ResearchGate, 1-21.

McArthur, T. (1992). The Oxford companion to the English language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Meijuan, Z., Hoon, A. L., & Ching, F. T. (2020). Hybridization of the Cultural Identity in Disney’s Mulan . Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. Vol 9, No 5, 27-37.

Padmatantri, P., & Sutrisno, A. (2020). Sarcastic Expressions in The Simpsons Movie . LEXICON Volume 7, Number 1, 40-54.

Stevanovic, N. (2012). About China Uncensored. Retrieved from China Uncensored:

Uncensored, C. (2020, September 15). Mulan Backlash: Why Disney’s China Problem Just Got Worse. Retrieved from Youtube October 7, 2020:

Wang, L., Han, B., & Xu, G. (2020). Cultural Differences in Mulan between Chinese Version and Disney Version. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 10, No. 10, 1332-1336.

Wang, P.-Y. A. (2013). #Irony or #Sarcasm—A Quantitative and Qualitative Study Based on Twitter. 27th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information, and Computation , 349-356.

Webster, M. (n.d.). Where Does the Expression 'Throw Someone Under the Bus' Come From? Retrieved from Mirriam Webster:

Wijana, I. D. (2004). Kartun: Studi tentang Permainan Bahasa. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Wijana, I. D., & Rohmadi, M. (2017). Semantik Teori dan Analisis. Surakarta: Yuma Pustaka.

Xu, M., & Tian, C. (2013). Cultural deformations and reformulations: a case study of Disney’s Mulan in English and Chinese. Critical Arts South-North Cultural and Media Studies, 36-64.

Ziegele, M., & Jost, P. B. (2016). Not Funny? The Effects of Factual Versus Sarcastic Journalistic Responses to Uncivil User Comments. Communication Research, 1-30.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Member of:


Indexed by:

SintaGoogle Scolar Sinta  MorarefSintaSintaSinta

Editorial Office

Department of English Literature

Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Phone (+62) 341 551354, Facsimile (+62) 341 572533

Creative Commons License
PARADIGM: Journal of Language and Literary Studies by Department of English Literature is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

View My Stats | Follow Us on Instagram