WAWASAN GENDER DALAM EKOLOGI ALAM DAN MANUSIA PERSPEKTIF AL QURAN

Nur Arfiyah Febriani

Abstract


Quranic perspectives on gender-oriented ecology propose eco humanist theocentric theory. This is based on the Quranic description regarding the interconnection and harmonious interaction between a human and him/her self, a human with another human, a human with the universe, and a human with God, regardless male or female. This study employs tafsir maudu’i (thematic), historical-critical-contextual methods, and qualitative approach. The result shows three representations of gender identity, namely biology paired features, various terms referring to men and women interactions, and the balance of femininity and masculinity within every human being. It indicates the possible equal quality of intellectual, emotion and roles in their social life. In addition, the Quran illustrates that both masculine and feminine characteristics have positive and negative sides. This, in fact, has been a debatable notion in the academic world related to men and women stereotyping, which has influenced their social role divisions. While in natural ecology, gender identity is found in three representations, namely biology paired features, pairing in terms of feminine and masculine characteristics/qualities, and pronouns/damir referring to the male and female.


Keywords


natural ecology; human ecology; gender;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al Shiddieqiy, Teungku Muhammad Hasbi. 2000. Tafsir al Quranul Majid An Nur. Semarang: PT. Pustaka Rizki Putra.

Al Shiddieqiy. 2002. Al Bayan Tafsir Penjelas al Quran al Karim. Semarang: PT Pustaka Rizki Putra.

Al Jaza’iri, Abi Bakar Jabir. 1995. Aysar al Tafasir li Kalam al ‘Ali al Kabir. Madinah al Munawwarah: Maktabah al ‘Ulum wa al Hikam.

Ahmad, Laila. 1992. Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate. London: Yale University Press.

Amar, Nawal. 2009. Nature, Women and Religion. Seminar di Pasca Sarjana Universitas Gajah Mada. http://www.crcs.ugm.ac.id/news_ind.php?news_id=7.

Amrullah, Abdul Malik Abdul Karim. 2000. Tafsir al-Azhar. Jakarta: Pustaka Panji Mas.

Arabi, Ibnu. Tt. Futuhat al Makkiyyah fi Ma‘rifah al Asrar al Malikiyyah wa al Mulkiyyah. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al Turath al ‘Arabi.

Armstrong, Luanne. April 1995. The Great Cosmic Metaphor: Thinking about the “Earth our Mother”. Waterloo: Alternatives. Vol. 21 Iss. 2: 32.

Al Razi, Muhammad Fakhr al Din.1995. Tafsir Fakhr al Razi al Mushtahr bi al Tafsir al Kabir wa Mafatih al Ghaib. Beirut: Dar al Fikr.

Al Rumi, Jalal al Din. 1967. Diwan al Shams Tabrizi, diedit oleh Furizanfar menjadi: Kulliya Shams ya Diwan Kabir. Teheran: Danishghah.

Al Rumi, Jalal al Din. 1966. Masnawi. Beirut: Maktabah al Ashriyyah.

Al Rumi, Jalal al Din. 1967. Diwan al Shams Tabrizi, diedit oleh Furizanfar menjadi: Kulliya Shams ya Diwan Kabir. Teheran: Danishghah.

Al Thabathabai, Muhammad Husain. 1397. Al Mizan fi Tafsir al Quran. Teheran: Dar al Kutub al Islamiyyah.

Febriani, Nur Arfiyah. 2011. Ekologi Berwawasan Gender dalam Perspektif al Quran. Jakarta: YPM.

Fox, Bonnie. 1993. Family Pattern, Gender Relation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fakhr al Din, Muhammad al Razi. 1995. Tafsir Fakhr al Razi al Mushtahr bi al Tafsiir al Kabir wa Mafatih al Ghaib. Beirut: Dar al Fikr.

Firman, Andi. 25 Mei 2011. “Menanggapi Musibah dengan Positif. http://www. alifmagz.com/menanggapi-musibah-dengan positif/.

Ghorayshi, Parvin dan Clay Belanger. 1996. Woman, Work and Gender Relations in Developing Countries, a Global Perspective. USA: Greenwood Press. IPCC. 16 Oktober 2011. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/ assessment-report/ar4/syr/ ar4_syr_spm.pdf.

Ibnu Abi Hatim, ‘Abd al Rahman Ibnu Muhammad Ibnu Idris al Razi. 1999. Tafsir Ibnu Abi Hatim. Makkah al Mukarramah: Maktabah Nazar Mushthafa al Baz.

Jauhari,Thanthawi. Tt. Al Jawahir fi Tafsir al Quran al Karim. Beirut: Dar al Fikr.

Kanafi, Imam. 2008. Metafisika Sufi dan Relasi Jender (Studi atas Pemikiran Suhrawardi Syaikhul Isyraq (Disertasi). Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah.

Kartanegara, Mulyadi. 2006. Menyelami Lubuk Tasauf. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Kashani, Abd al Razzaq. 1968. Ta’wilat. Beirut: Dar al Aqzhah al Adabiyyah.

Merchant, Carolyn. 1980. The Death of Natur e, Women, Ecology and the Scientific Revolution. San Francisco: Harper.

Murata, Sachiko. 1996. The Tao of Islam, Kitab Rujukan Tentang Relasi Gender dalam Kosmologi dan Teologi Islam. Bandung: Mizan.

Murata, Sachiko. 1992. The Tao of Islam, A Sourcebook on Gender Relationships in Islamic Thought . Albany, N.Y, State: University of New York Press.

Marzuq, ‘Adil al Sayyid. 2009. Himayah al Bi’ah fi al Islam. Al Iskandariyyah: Munshi’ah al Ma‘arif. Oxforddictionaries. 6 Maret 2014. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/ english/anthropocentric.

Partanto, Pius A dan M Dahlan al Barry. 1994. Kamus Ilmiah Populer. Surabaya: Penerbit Arkola.

Shihab, Muhammad Quraish. 2005. Tafsir al Mishbah Pesan Kesan dan Keserasian al Quran Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Shihab, Muhammad Quraish. 2005. Dia Ada Dimana-mana, “Tangan” Tuhan Dibalik Setiap Fenomena. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Shihab, Muhammad Quraish. 2005. Tafsir al Mishbah Pesan Kesan dan Keserasian al Quran. Cetakan IV. Volume 11. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Shihab, Muhammad Quraish. 2005. Dia Ada Dimana-mana, “Tangan” Tuhan Dibalik Setiap Fenomena. Cetakan III. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Sudarsono. 2007. Menuju Kemapanan Lingkungan Hidup Regional Jawa. Jogyakarta: PPLHRJ.

Stowasser, Barbara Freyer. 1994. Woman in The Quran, Traditions and Interpretations. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wadud, Amina. 1999. Quran and Woman Rereading the Sacred Text from a Womans Perspective. New York: Oxford University.

Zahiri, Kamil. 2002. Mi’ah Imra’ah wa Imra’ah. Qahirah: Maktabah al Usrah.

Tucker, Mary Evelyn and Jhon A, Grim. 2001. “Introduction: The Emerging Alliance World Religions and Ecology. Daedalus. Vol. 130. Iss. 4, 1.

Zaid, Nasr Hamid Abu. 200. Dawa’ir al Khauf, Qira’ah fi Khithab al Mar’ah. Beirut: al Markaz al Saqafi al Arabi.

Zahiri, Kamil. 2002. Mi’ah Imra’ahwa Imra’ah. Qahirah: Maktabah al Usrah.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v16i2.3177

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Tools:
 
 
 
 

All publication by Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam, P-ISSN : 1858-4349, E-ISSN : 2442-5249