TIPOLOGI MULTIAKAD DALAM PRODUK FATWA DEWAN SYARIAH NASIONAL-MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA PERSPEKTIF TEORI DAN BATASAN MULTIAKAD AL ‘IMRANI

Abbas Arfan

Abstract


Multi-contract theory or hibryd contracts (al ‘uqud al murakkabah) is one of the new theory in contemporary Islamic jurisprudence and among academicians who did a study about the multi-contract in fiqh perspective is Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abdullah al ‘Imrani. Some fatwa products of NSB-IUC also used this multi-contract theory. This research type is qualitative with descriptive-qualitative and descriptive-quantitative method, the retrieval data technique with a literature review to research multi-contract typology in NSB-IUC fatwas perspective al ‘Imrani multi-contract theory and its limits. The conclutions of this research are: (1) among five typology multi-contract perspectives al ‘Imrani multi-contract theory only found two kinds of multi-contract in NSB-IUC’s fatwas, which are first; mutaqabilah (totalled by 7 or 31.8%) and second; mujtami’ah (totalled bt 15 or 68.2%), while third (mutanafiyah), fourth (mukhtalifah), and fifth (mutajanisah) each of them are 0, which means no (0%) multi-contract with those three typologies; (2) as for multi-contract typology in NSB-IUC’s fatwas, it is al ‘Imrani multi-contract perspective limits which means all multi-contract does not contradict al ‘Imrani multi-contract limits, therefore it is allowed by Sharia, but there are some alternative multi-contract in fatwa products wich kind of doubtful (syubhat), moreover it could lead us to riba, like Pembiayaan Rekening Koran Syariah (PRKS) transaction especially in two multi-contract options, which are: wakalah-murabahah and wakalah-qardh.

Keywords


typology and multi-contract limitations; fatwa; National Sharia Boards of Indonesian Ulama Council (NSB-IUC)

Full Text:

PDF

References


[DSN-MUI] Dewan Syariah Nasional-Majelis Ulama Indonesia. Fatwa dari tahun 2000-2009. http: www.mui.or.id.

Al ‘Imrani, Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abdullah. 2010. Al Uqud al Maliyyah al murakkabah: Dirasah Fiqhiyyah Ta’shiliyyah wa Tathbiqiyyah. Riyadl: Dar Kunuz Isybiliya.

Al Qardlawi, Yusuf. 1988. Al Fatawa bain al Indlibath wa Tasayyub. Kairo: Dar al shahwah.

Amin, Ma’ruf. 2008. Fatwa dalam Sistem Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Elsas.

Arfan, Abbas. 2012. Fiqh al Mu’amalat. Malang: Fakultas Syariah UIN Malang.

Arfan, Abbas. 2014. Aplikasi al Qawa’id al Fiqhiyyah sebagai Nalar Deduktif dalam Istinbath Hukum Islam. Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman. Vol. 8, No. 2: 292-315.

Arfan, Abbas. 2015. Lima Prinsip Istinbath Kontemporer sebagai Konklusi dalam Teori Penetapan Hukum Islam. Al Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam. Vol. 9, No. 2: 223-235.

Arfan, Abbas dkk. 2016. Implementasi Prinsip Bagi Hasil dan Manajemen Risiko dalam Produk-Produk Pembiayaan Perbankan Syariah di Kota Malang. Inferensi: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan. Vol. 10, No. 1: 213-238.

Fayumi, Al, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ali. t.th. Al Mishbah al Munir. Beirut: Al Maktabah al Ilmiyyah.

Hammad, Nazih. 2005. Al Uqud al murakkabah fî al Fiqh al Islami. Damaskus: Dar al Qalam.

Musarrofa, Ita. 2017. Analisis Wacana Kritis Terhadap Fatwa Bahtsul Masa’il Tentang Perempuan. Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam. Vol. 18, No. 2: 135-160.

Yamani, Al, Abu al Husayn Yahya bin Abi al Khayr. 2000. Al Bayan fî al Madzhab al Imam al Syafi’i. Jeddah: Dar al Minhaj.

Zaydi, ‘Abd al Rahman. 2005. Al Ijtihad bi Tahqiq al Manath wa Sulthanih fî al Fiqh al Islami. Cairo: Dar al Hadits.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/ua.v18i2.4787

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Editorial Office:
Kantor Informasi dan Publikasi
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Gedung Rektorat Lt.4
Jalan Gajayana No. 50, Malang 65144
Faks. (0341) 572533
Email: jurnalululalbab@gmail.com


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.