EPISTEMOLOGI TAFSIR SUFI PERSPEKTIF ESOTERIK-FENOMENOLOGI

D.I Ansusa Putra

Abstract


This paper is a comprehensive study of sufi epistemology through interpretations of natural phenomena. The study of the triagle causality relationship between God, humans, and nature can be a binocular for studying the sufistic epistemology globally. In sufistic studies, studying natural phenomena is one way to reach the essence of God. Whereas the existence of God can be studied through His signs. This paper uses an approach from a theological scholar, Patrick Masterson, who concusively found a new approach that accommodates esoteric and exoteric dimensions simultaneously. The author considers this approach feasible to use to understand the sufistic epistemology, especially those related to natural phenomena.


Keywords


esoteric-phenomenology approach; sufi interpretation; verses of phenomena

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu-Sway, Mustafa Mahmoud. 1994. “The Development in al-Ghazālī's Epistemology.” Journal Intellectual Discourse 2(2): 167-76.

Alibhai, Shams. 1990. “The Shajarat Al-Kawn Attributed to Ibn ‘Arabī: an Analytical Study.” Tesis. McGill University.

al-Alûsî. n.d.. Rûḥ al-Ma‘ânî. Lebanon: Muniriyyah.

Al-Walid, Kholid. 2018. “Takwil Epistemologis Ibn Sînâ atas Surah al-Nûr Ayat 35.” Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam 19(1): 1-24.

Arif, Syamsuddin. 2002. “Sufi Epistemology: Ibn ‘Arabi on Knowledge (‘Ilm).” Afkar: Jurnal Akidah & Pemikiran Islam 3(1): 81-94.

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. 2005. “Islamic Philosophy: An Introduction.” Journal of Islamic Philosophy 1(1): 11-43.

Chittick, William C. 1989. The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-Arabi's Metaphysics of Imagination. Albany: University of New York Press.

Chittick, William C. 2005. The Sufi Doctrine of Rumi. Bloomington: World Wisdom.

Corbin, Henry. 1969. Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn Arabi. Terj. Ralph Manhem. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

al-Dhahabî, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. 2004. Al-Tafsîr wa al-Mufassirûn, Vol. 2. Beirut: Maktabah Muṣ‘ab ibn ‘Amr al-Islâmiyah.

Gaborieau, Marc. 2008. The City in The Islamic World, Vol. 1. Leiden: Brill.

Ibn ‘Arabî. 2004. The "Tree of Being": An Ode to the Perfect Man. Terj. Tosun Bayrak. London: Archetype.

Ibn ‘Arabî. 1972. al-Futûḥât al-Makkiyyah. Kairo: al-Hay’at al-Miṣriyya tal-Ammah li al-Kitâb.

Ibn ‘Arabî. 1968. Tafsîr al-Qur’ân al-Karîm, Vol. 1. Beirut: Dâr Yaqzat al-‘Arabiyah.

Iqbal, Sir Muhammad. 1934. The Recontruction of Religious Thought in Islam. London: University Press.

Iwanebel, Fejrian Yazdajird. 2014. “Paradigma dan Aktualisasi Interpretasi dalam Pemikiran Muhammad al-Ghazālī.” Hunafa: Jurnal Studia Islamika 11(1): 1-22.

al-Jâbirî, Muḥammad ‘Âbid. 2009. Al-Bunyat al-‘Aql al-‘Arabî. Beirut: Markaz Dirâsat al-Waḥdat al-‘Arabiyyah.

al-Jillî, ‘Abd al-Karîm ibn Ibrâhîm. n.d. Al-Insân al-Kâmil fî Ma‘rifat al-Awâkhir wa al-Awâil, Vol. 2. Lebanon: Dâr al-Fikr.

al-Jurjânî, ‘Alî ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Alî al-Zayn al-Sharîf. 1983. Kitâb al-Ta‘rîfât. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah.

Knysh, Alexander. 2010. Islamic Mysticism: A Short History. London: Brill.

Lobel, Diana. 2000. Between Mysticism and Philosophy: Sufi Language of Religious Experience in Judah Levi Kuzari. Albany: University of New York Press.

M. Anwar Syarifuddin. 2004. “Menimbang Otoritas Sufi dalam Menafsirkan al-Qur’an.” Jurnal Studi Agama dan Masyarakat 1 (2): 1-18.

Maḥmûd, ‘Abd al-Ḥalîm. 1987. Manâhij al-Mufassirîn. Kairo: Dâr al-Katîb.

Masterson, Patrick. 2013. Approaching God: Between Phenomenology and Theology. London: Bloomburry.

Murata, Sachiko. 1992. The Tao of Islam, A Source Book on Gender Relationships in Islamic Thought. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Nur, Syaifan. 2012. “Epistemologi Sufi dan Tanggungjawab Ilmiah.” Kanz Philosophia 2(1): 135-51.

Rofi’ie, Abd Halim. 2010. “Wahdat al Wujud dalam Pemikiran Ibnu Arabi.” Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam 11(2): 131-41.

Rosenthal, Franz. 1970. Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam. London: E. J Brill.

Sands, Kristin Zahra. 2006. Sufi Commentaries on the Qur'an in Classical Islam. London: Routledge.

Schimmel, Annemarie. 1975. Mystical Dimension of Islam. Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.

Schimmel, Annemarie. 1994. Deciphering the Signs of God: A Phenomenological Approach to Islam. Albany: State Universityof New York Press.

Sokolowski, Robert. 2014. “The Relation of Phenomenology and Thomistic Metaphysics to Religion: A Study of Patrick Masterson's "Approaching God: Between Phenomenology And Theology.” The Review of Metaphysics 67(3): 603–26.

Siraj, Fuad Mahbub. 2014. “Tasauf dan Kosmologi.” Ilmu Ushuluddin 2(1): 53-68.

Susilawati, Erni. 2015. “Psikologi Sufistik (Studi atas Pemikiran Sachiko Murata dalam Buku The Tao of Islam).” Al-Banjari: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman 14(1): 60-75.

Treiger, Alexander. 2002. Inspired Knowledge in Islamic Thought: Al-Ghazali's Theory of Mystical Cognation and its avicennian Foundation. London: Routledge.

Yunus, Badruzzaman M. 2017. “Pendekatan Sufistik dalam Menafsirkan al-Qur’an.” Syifa al-Qulub: Jurnal Studi Psikoterapi Sufistik 2(1): 1-12.

Zaydân, Yûsuf. 1998. Al-Fikr al-Ṣûfî. Mesir: Dâr al-Amîn.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v19i2.5019

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.