LOCAL POLITICAL PARTIES IN ACEH IN 2017 REGIONAL ELECTION: Analysis of Political Identity and Islamization Issue

Muhammad Rajiv Syarif

Abstract


The existence of local political parties in outline is a new alternative to the implementation of local democratic processes in Aceh are not specifically for Islamization issues. In the political record, the process of electing leaders in Aceh Province has been noted for three times (2006, 2012 and 2017). Aceh continues to move dynamically with political activities that are often rarely predictable or new conflicts that are sometimes expected to occur during democratic parties. This paper examines factors of voter's behavior and political identity in Aceh after the signing peace agreement in 2005 as well as analyzes the regional elections in 2017 and the Islamization issue within it. It will be explained that the behavior of voters in the Aceh regional election is very crucial. The election runs successfully by playing the identity of the political party in the Islamic shari'a area bringing issues in local implementation's policy. Finally, the crisis of trust that has been happening to national political parties has become one of the benchmarks for people to participate in the implementation of local democracy through the emergence of local political parties in Aceh.


Keywords


Islamization; political identity; local political party; voters behaviour

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwy, Sudarman, and Reza Febriandi. 2018. “Partisipasi Politik Santri pada Pemilihan Bupati Aceh Barat 2017.” Jurnal Public Policy 3(2): 237-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35308/jpp.v3i2.72

Asfar, Muhammad. 2006. Mendesain Managemen Pilkada. Surabaya: PusDeHAM and Pustaka Eureka.

Aspinall, Edward and Wawan Mas'udi. 2017. "The 2017 Pilkada (Local Elections in Indonesia: Clientelism, Programmatic Politics and Social Networks." Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs 39(3): 417-26.

Budiardjo, Miriam. 2008. Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Crick, Bernard. 1959. The American Science of Politics: Its Origins and Conditions. London: University of California Press.

Cwalina, Wojciech, Andrzej Falkowski, and Bruce I. Newman 2010. "Towards the Development of a Cross‐Cultural Model of Voter Behavior: Comparative Analysis of Poland and the US." European Journal of Marketing 44(3/4): 351-68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/03090561011020462

Dahl, Robert A. 1961. "The Behavioral Approach in Political Science: Epitaph for a Monument to a Successful Protest." The American Political Science Review 55(4): 763-72.

Firmanzah. 2007. Marketing Politik. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Hayward, Clarissa Rile and Ron Watson. 2010. "Identity and Political Theory." Washington University Journal of Law & Policy 33: 9-41.

Housholder, Elizabeth E. and Heather L. LaMarre. 2014. "Facebook Politics: Toward a Process Model for Achieving Political Source Credibility Through Social Media." Journal of Information Technology and Politics 11(4): 368–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2014.951753

Husna, Asmaul. 2017. "Analisis Political Branding Calon Kepala Daerah Dalam Pilkada Aceh 2017." Jurnal Komunikasi Global 6(1): 56-73.

Januar, Eka. 2018. "Dinamika Money Politics pada Pemilukada Aceh 2017." Al-Ijtima'i: International Journal of Government and Social Science 4(1): 49-61.

Jati, Wasisto Raharjo. 2012. "Ulama dan Pesantren dalam Dinamika Politik dan Kultur Nahdlatul Ulama." Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam 13(1): 95–111. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/ua.v0i0.2377

LaMarre, Heather L. and Yoshikazu Suzuki-Lambrecht. 2013. "Tweeting Democracy? Twitter as a Voter Mobilization Strategy for Congressional Campaigns." Public Relations Review 39(4): 360–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2013.07.009

Meyer, Thomas M. and Daniel Strobi. 2016. "Voter Perceptions of Coalition Policy Positions in Multiparty Systems." Electoral Studies 41: 80-91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2015.11.020

Nur, Muhammad, Usman, and Irwan Safwadi. 2018. "Dinamika Politik Partai Lokal dan Nasional pada Pemilukada di Aceh, Tahun 2017." Jurnal Humaniora 2(2): 140-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30601/humaniora.v2i2.61

"Pilkada 2017 Lebih Baik dari Sebelumnya 2017. 2017." http://aceh.tribunnews.com/2017/02/28/pilkada-2017-lebih-baik-dari-sebelumnya (June 8, 2018)

Surbakti, Ramlan. 1992. Memahami Ilmu Politik. Jakarta: PT.Grasindo.

Sweetser, Kaye D. 2011. "Digital political public relations." In Political Public Relations Principles and Applications, eds. Jesper Stromback and Spiro Kiousis. New York: Routlegde, 293-313.

Tiro, Hasan Muhammad. 1999. Demokrasi Untuk Indonesia. Jakarta: Teplok Press.

Varma, SP. 2010. Teori Politik Modern. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Widjaja, Haw. 2005. Penyelenggaraan Otonomi di Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v20i2.5668

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.