Rekonsiliasi Epistemologi Antara Agama dengan Sains (Telaah tentang Pemikiran Filsafat Seyyed Hossein Nasr)

Ali Maksum

Abstract


The framework of thinking about modern scholarship tries to break away from the spiritual dimension. Human consciousness is herded towards the secular. As a result, modern Western humans no longer know about the meaning and purpose of life. Then revisions arose in the form of relativizing the absurdities that had been attributed to the scientific method, while at the same time trying to pave the way for the entry of divine values and spiritual dimensions into the basis of scientific epistemology, ontology and axiology. Some even see that value based on revelation (religion) can enter the scientific methodology process. The scientific method can no longer be maintained in a neutral sense in the absolute sense. Postmodern criticism does not eliminate rationality and does not divert human attention from material phenomena to the spiritual world, but complements rationality with philosophical keys that contain world views and religious morality. Nasr's epistemological thinking has significance with modern or postmodern human consciousness, which requires moral awareness and the meaning of life. Nasr offers in the form of religious-spirituality formulations within the framework of modern human thought.


Keywords


framework of thinking; religious-spirituality formulations; scientific epistemology; scientific method

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bastaman, Hanna Djumhana;- "Dimensi "Spiritualitas" dalam Teori Psikologi", Jurnal Ulumul Qur’an, nomor 4, vol.4, Th 1994.

Bateston, George, Steps to An Ecology of Mind (New York: Paladin, 197 1).

Buchan, F.B. (ed.), Postmodern Theology (San Fransisco: Herper & Row Publisher 1989).

Chittik, William C. "Preface”, dalam Mehdi Aminrazavi and Zailan Morris, The Complete Bibliografi of Seyyed Hossein Nasr from 1958 Though april 1993 (Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Academy of Science of Malaysia, 1994).

D. Runes, Dagobert, Dictionary of Philosophy (New Jersey: Adams and Company, 1971).

Fakhry, Madjid. A History of Islamic Philosophy (New York: Columbia University Press, 1983).

Janel. Smith, “Seyyed Hossein Nasr", dalam John L.Esposito, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World (New York-Oxford: Oxford: University Press, 1995).

Komaruddin Hidayat dan Mohammad Wahyuni Nafis, Agama Masa Depan: Perspektif

Lapidus, Ira M. A History of Islamic Societies (New York: Canbridge University Press, 1989).

Maksum, Ali, Tradisionalisme Islam dalam Pemikiran Hossein Nasr (Thesis: 1996), belum diterbitkan.

Masaryk, TG., Modern Man and Religion (Westport-Connecticut: Greenwood Press Publisher, 1970).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, Islam and Tbe Plight of Modern Man (London: Longmans, 1976).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. ”Intelect and Intuition: Their Relationship from lslamic Perspective”, dalam S. Azam (ed.), Islam and Contemporary Society (Islamic Council of Europe, 1982).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islamic Life and Thought (Albany: Sunny Press, 1981)

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islamic Science: "Reflection on Methodology in the Islamic Science”, dalam Hammdard Islamicus, 1980).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. “Filsafat Perennial: Perspektif alternatif untuk studi agama”, dalam Jurnal Ulumul Qur'an, Vol. 111, No.3 Th.1992.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Knowledge and the Sacred (Edinburg: Edinburg University Press, 1981).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Sains dan Peradaban dalam Islam, terj. (Bandung: Pustaka, 1986).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. The Cosmos and the Nature Order”, dalam S.H. Nasr (Edl) Islamic Spirituality: Foundation, jilid 19 (London Routiedge & Kegan Paulk, 1987).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Three Muslim Sages (New York: Coravan Books, 1976).

Russel, Betrand, History of Western Philosophy (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1945).

Russel, Betrand, Religious and Science (London: Oxford University Press, t.t.)

S. Ahmed, Akbar, Postmodemism and Islam (London-New York: bb Roudledge, 1992).

Sardar, Ziauddin, Rekayasa Masa Depan Peradaban Muslim (Bandung Mizan, 1991).

Smith, Houston, Postmodemism and World's Religion (Makkah, disampaikan pada Inaugural Symposium Islam and the Challenge of Modernity, ISTAC Kuala Lumpur, 1-5 Agustus, 1984).

Suriasumantri, Jujun S., Filsafat llmu Sebuah Pengantar (Jakarta: sinar Harapan, 1990).

Suriasumantri, Jujun S., llmu dalam Perspektif (Jakarta: Gramedia, 1983).

Verhaak, C., Filsafat llmu Pengetahuan (Jakarta: Gramedia, 1991).

Wahid, Abdurrahman, "Pengantar", dalam S.H. Nasr, Islam dalam Cita dan Fakta Jakarta: Leppenas, 1981).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v3i1.6083

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.