IJTIHAD DALAM PERSPEKTIF ULAMA’ SYI’AH ISNA ‘ASYARIYAH

Mohammad Baharun

Abstract


Basically, the perspective of Ulama’ Syiah Isna ‘asyariyah about jihad is not different from Sunni’s perspective. Other side, still there different between them and this become something that “must be” there for them.

Ulama’ Syi’ah Isna ‘Asyariyah said taht the main of jihad are Imamah and all of this its implications, which are placed in the central position os Syi’ah’s thought. However, that thought differentiates Syi’ah and Ahl Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah themselves.

Imamah is a concept of leadership after the death of Muhammad SAW, it convinced as the certainly of religion. Imamah is supported by Ijtihad of Ulama’ Syi’ah Isna ‘asyariyah intensively to strength the argumentation of Imamah certainly. The Ijtihad elaboration about imamah becomes a concept of Marja’iyat-i-Taqlid and Wilayat-i-Faqih. It is very important to Syi’ah, because the highest Mujtahid/Marja’ is as the changer of Imam Mahdi. Ijtihad Imamah related to the perspective of Ulama’ Syi’ah Isna ‘Asyariyah ulama is something certainly. The implication of imamah is the birth of theories, such as, ‘ismah, taqiyah, Marja’iyat-i-taqlid and Wilayat-i-Faqih. And all of these are the consequence of Ghaibat al-Imam (themystery of Imam Mahdi).

Keywords


perspective; imamah; ijtihad; syi’ah isna ‘asyariyah

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v8i1.6244

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