THE ROOTS OF TRADITIONAL ISLAM IN MODERNIST MUSLIM WORKS: K.H. Aceng Zakaria and the Intellectual Tradition of Pesantren

Jajang A Rohmana

Abstract


One of characters of modernist Islam organization in Indonesia is the opposition to traditionalist Islam practices. Initially, the modernist Islam activist also learned in the traditional Islam culture before they turned around. This study focuses on the roots of the traditional Islam among the modernist Islam organization activists, Islamic Union (Persatuan Islam/PERSIS). The study object is the historical life of the PERSIS chairman, Aceng Zakaria and his magnum opus works, al-Muyassar fî ‘Ilm al-Naw and al-Hidâyah fî Masâ’il Fiqh Muta‘âriah. Through a socio-intellectual historical approach, the study shows that the Islamic intellectual tradition of the modernist activists is inseparable from the learning of traditional pesantren. Aceng Zakaria, as a PERSIS ulama, originally learned at the traditional pesantren in the mid-twentieth century. The roots of traditional Islamic science influences his intellectual career which was reflected in his works. Both books, Arabic grammar al-Muyassar and fiqh discourse al-Hidâyah demonstrate his connectivity to the intellectual of traditional pesantren. However, Aceng Zakaria, as a modernist and reformist ulama, also modified his explanation systematically and practically. This shows that the genealogy of intellectual tradition of pesantren has an important position in supporting the development of reformist Islamic ideas in Indonesia.

Keywords


tradisionalist; reformist; PERSIS; pesantren; kitab kuning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amalia, A. 2017. “Analisis Gradasi Materi Sharaf dalam Buku Belajar Tasrif Sistem 20 Jam karya KH. Aceng Zakaria.” al-Mahâra 3(1): 102–23.

Arifianto, Alexander R. 2017. “Islam Nusantara & Its Critics: The Rise of NU’s Young Ulamas.” RSIS Commentary No. 018-23 January. https://www.eurasiareview.com/24012017-islam-nusantara-and-its-critics-the-rise-of-nus-young-clerics-analysis/.

Asnan, Gusti. 2015. “Tradisi Rantau dan Diaspora: Kasus Mingkabau, Melayu dan Bugis.” In Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam Indonesia: Tradisi, Intelektual, dan Sosial, vol. 2, eds. Taufik Abdullah and Endjat Djaenuderadjat. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Bachtiar, Tiar Anwar, and Pepen Irpan Fauzan. 2019. Sejarah Pemikiran dan Gerakan Politik Persis. Bandung: Persis Pers.

Burhani, Ahmad Najib. 2004. “The Muhammadiyah’s Attitude to Javanese Culture in 1912-1930: Appreciation and Tension.” MA. Thesis. Leiden University.

Burhani, Ahmad Najib. 2018. Islam Nusantara as a Promising Response to Religious Intolerance and Radicalism. Trends in Southeast Asia. No.21. ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute.

Burhanudin, Jajat. 2005. “Aspiring for Islamic Reform: Southeast Asian Requests for Fatwas in al-Manar.” Islamic Law and Society 12(1): 9–26.

Bush, Robin. 2009. Nahdlatul Ulama and the Struggle for Power within Islam and Politics in Indonesia. Singapore: ISEAS.

Dhofier, Zamakhsyari. 1980. “The Pesantren Tradition: A Study of the Role of the Kyai in the Maintenance of the Traditional Ideology of Islam in Java.” Dissertation. Australian National University.

Fauzan et al., Pepen Irpan. 2021. KH. Aceng Zakaria, Ulama Persatuan Islam. Garut: LPPM STAI PERSIS Garut.

Federspiel, Howard M. 2001. “Islam and Ideology in the Emerging Indonesian State: The Persatuan Islam (PERSIS), 1923-1957. Leiden-Boston-Koln: Brill.

Federspiel, Howard M. 2002. “Modernist Islam in Southeast Asia: A New Examination.” The Muslim World 92.

Hakim, Gausulfardi. 2009. “K.H.R. Abdullah bin Nuh dan Karya-Karyanya.” BA. Thesis. Universitas Indonesia.

Hamdani, Hamdani. 2021. “Defending Islam Nusantara at the Frontline, Experiment to shape moderatism among Non-structural Nahdliyyin Community.” Islam Nusantara 2(1): 21–39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47776/islamnusantara.v2i1.103.

Hasyim, Syafiq. 2018. Islam Nusantara dalam Konteks: Dari Multikulturalisme hingga Radikalisme. Yogyakarta: Gading.

Horikoshi, Hiroko. 1975. “The Dar ul-Islam Movement in West Java (1948-62): An Experience in the Historical Process.” Indonesia 20: 58–86.

Horikoshi, Hiroko. 1976. “A Traditional Leader in a Time of Change: The Kijaji and Ulama in West Java.” Dissertation. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Iskandar, Mohammad. 2001. Para Pengemban Amanah, Pergulatan Pemikiran Kiai dan Ulama di Jawa Barat, 1900-1950. Yogyakarta: Matabangsa.

Kusdiana, Ading. 2013. “Jaringan Pesantren di Priangan 1800-1945.” Dissertation. Bandung: Universitas Padjadjaran.

Kuswandi, Iwan, Tobroni Tobroni, Akhsanul In’am, Khozin Khozin, and Asmoni Asmoni. 2021. “Interconnection Model of Morals-Reasoning-Research in Pesantren Curriculum.” Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam 22(1): 69–91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v22i1.11611.

Laffan, Michael. 2011. The Makings of Indonesian Islam, Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

MacRaild, Donald M., and Avram Taylor. 2004. Social Theory and Social History. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Millie, Julian. 2009. Splashed by the Saint, Ritual reading and Islamic sanctity in West Java. Leiden: KITLV Press.

Minhaji, Akh. 1997. “Ahmad Hassan and Islamic Legal Reform in Indonesia (1887-1958). Dissertation. Institute of Islamic Studies McGill University.

Mustafa, Ii Baihaqi. 2005. KH. M. Rusyad Nurdin: Ulama, Pejuang, Politikus, Pemimpin Demokrat, Pendidik, dan Pendakwah. Bandung: MULTIPRO incollaboration with LPESKI YUAVIN.

Nakamura, Mitsuo. 1976. “The Crescent Arises over the Banyan Tree: A Study of the Muhammadijah Movement in a Central Javanese Town.” Dissertation. Cornell University.

Nakamura, Mitsuo. 1981. “The Radical Traditionalism of the Nahdlatul Ulama in Indonesia: A Personal Account of the 26th National Congress, June 1979, Semarang.” Southeast Asian Studies 19(2): 187–204.

Noer, Deliar. 1963. “The Rise and Development of the Modernist Muslim Movement in Indonesia during the Dutch Colonial Period (1900-1942).” Dissertation. Cornell University.

Nurtawab, Ervan. 2018. “Jalalayn Pedagogical Practice: Style of Qur’an and Tafsir Learning in Contemporary Indonesia,” Ph.D. Thesis. Monash University.

al-Ramlî, Shams al-Dîn Muḥammad ibn Abî al-‘Abbâs Aḥmad ibn Ḥamzah ibn Shihâb al-Dîn. 2003. Nihâyah al-Muḥtâj ilâ Sharḥ al-Minhâj fî al-Fiqh ‘alâ Madhâhib al-Imâm al-Shâfi‘î Raḍiyallâh ‘anh, vol. 1. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyyah.

Rohmana, Jajang A. 2017. “Polemik Keagamaan dalam Tafsir Malja’ at-Talibin Karya K.H. Ahmad Sanusi.” Suhuf: Jurnal Pengkajian Al-Qur’an dan Budaya 10(1): 25–57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22548/shf.v10i1.207.

Rosidi, Ajip. ed. 2000. Ensiklopedi Sunda, Alam, Budaya, dan Manusia. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Sa’adah, Rizka Rahmaniah. 2018. “Tafsir Surat Al-Fatihah Karya Aceng Zakaria (Analisis Metodologi dan Corak Tafsir).” BA. Thesis. Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Saefuddin, Encang. 2014. Fiqhud Dakwah: KH. Drs. Shiddiq Amien, MBA. Bandung: Mujahid Press.

Sahal, Akhmad, and Munawir Aziz eds. 2015. Islam Nusantara dari Ushul Fiqh hingga Paham Kebangsaan. Bandung: Mizan Pustaka.

al-Ṣanhâjî, Abû ‘Abd Allâh Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Dâwud. 1998. Matn al-Âjurûmiyyah. Riyad: Dâr al-Sumay’î.

Selamat, Kasmuri. 2020. “Salafi-Progressive: Islamic Education Thinking Discourses of K.H. Aceng Zakaria.” Dinamika Ilmu 20(1): 107–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v20i1.2162.

Shaṭâ al-Dimyâṭî, Sayyid Abî Bakr al-Mashhûr bi al-Sayyid al-Bakrî ibn al-Sayyid Muḥammad. n.d. I‘ânah al-Ṭâlibîn, vol. 1. Cairo: Dâr Iḥyâ’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah.

Shihab, Alwi. 1995. “The Muhammadiyah Movement and Its Controversy with Christian Mission in Indonesia.” Dissertation. The Temple University.

Stearns, Peter N. ed. 1994. Encyclopedia of Social History. New York & London: Garland Publishing Inc.

Tamney, Joseph. 1980. “Modernization and Religious Purification: Islam in Indonesia.” Review of Religious Research 22(2): 207–18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3510661.

van Bruinessen, Martin. 1990. “Kitab Kuning: Books in Arabic Script Used in the Pesantren Milieu.” Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde 146: 226–69.

van Bruinessen, Martin. 2003. “Review of Howard M. Federspiel, “Islam and Ideology in the Emerging Indonesian State: The Persatuan Islam (PERSIS), 1923-1957, Leiden: Brill, 2001.” Int. J. Middle East Stud. 35.

van Bruinessen, Martin. 2018. Indonesian Muslim in a Globalising World: Westernization, Arabisation, and Indigenising Responses. RSIS Working Paper No. 311, Singapore: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

van den Berg, L.W.C. 1886. “Het mohammedaansche godsdienstonderwijs op Java and Madoera en de daarbij gebruikte arabische boeken.” TBG 31: 518–55.

Wijoyo, Alex Soesilo. 1997. “Shaykh Nawawî of Banten: Texts, Authority, and the Gloss Tradition.” Ph.D Thesis. Columbia University.

Wildan, Dadan. 1995. Sejarah Perjuangan Persis 1923-1983. Bandung: Gema Syahida.

Wildan, Dadan. 1997. Yang Da’i Yang Politikus: Hayat dan Perjuangan Lima Tokoh Persis. Bandung: Rosda Karya.

Wildan, Dadan. 2000. Pasang Surut Gerakan Pembaharuan Islam di Indonesia: Potret Perjalanan Sejarah Persatuan Islam. Bandung: Persis Press.

Zakaria ibn Ahmad Kurhi, Aceng. 2007. al-Muyassar fî ‘Ilm al-Nah}w, vol. 1. Garut: Ibn Azka Press.

Zakaria ibn Ahmad Kurhi, Aceng. 1407 H. al-Hidâyah fî Masâ’il Fiqh Muta‘âriḍah. Pesantren Persatuan Islam Garut.

Interview with KH. Aceng Zakaria, chairman of PERSIS, at Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam PERSIS (STAIPI) Garut on Thursday, April 1, 2021 at 9 am.

Interview with Pepen Irpan Fauzan, a lecturer at Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam PERSIS (STAIPI) Garut on Sunday, October 10, 2021 at 8 am.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v22i2.12031

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Tools:
 
 
 
 

All publication by Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam, P-ISSN : 1858-4349, E-ISSN : 2442-5249