METODE ISTINBAT HUKUM ZAKAT PROFESI PERSPEKTIF YUSUF AL-QARDAWI DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN OBJEK ZAKAT DI INDONESIA

Muhammad Aziz, Sholikah Sholikah

Abstract


One object of charity which to this day is still debated Islamic jurist is zakat profession. There are many things that cause zakat profession are legally without a strong foundation in Islamic legal tradition, including; existence of zakat profession has never been practiced by the Prophet at the time he was still alive, it makes the existence of this zakat profession be considered ahistorical in Islamic law. Even NU, which is listed as a major Islamic organizations, have not decided the concept of zakat profession that has become the lifestyle of the upper middle-class Muslims in Indonesia. Other facts show that the practice of this profession charity raised in Indonesia after the emergence of Yusuf al-Qardlawi book entitled fiqh al-zakah, which is one of the points of study is obligatory zakat for Muslims profession. So the facts mentioned above, this study is important to do. Therefore, the wishes expressed in this study are; how the method istinbath charity law profession perspective of Yusuf al-Qardawi? And what are the implications of these ideas to the output object development of zakat in Indonesia? This study concluded that, the method used by Yusuf al-Qardawi in beristinbath to determine the basis of the profession zakat is obligatory for every Muslim is qiyas method, provided that: Maqis 'alaih it is charity gold and silver; ‘illat it is growing (al-nama'); legal obligation for the profession zakat worth with gold-silver or gold as mandatory alms-silver; and his charity far'u profession. While the implications arising from the results of istinbath method as mentioned above for object development of zakat in Indonesia is, that the object of zakat in Indonesia, which was originally based solely on the object based charity that conventional classical fiqh (gold-silver zakat, agricultural-crops, animals etc.), toward the object charity in the field of occupations and professions that grow and thrive in the modern era, such commissioners, advocates, public accountants etc.


Keywords


Zakat Profession, Istinbath, and Yusuf al-Qardawi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman, Asymuni. 1986. Metode Penetapan Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

Al Amid. 1991. Al Ihkam fi Ushul al Ahkam. Kairo: Matba’ah al Ma’arif.

Al Bigha, Musthafa Zib. 1989. Al Tazhib fi Adillati Matni al Ghayati wa al Taqrib (cetakan IV). Bairut: Dar Ibnu Kasir.

Dewan Redaksi. 2005. Ensiklopedi Islam (jilid V). Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve.

Dahlan, Abdul Aziz (et.al.). 1996. Ensiklopedia Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve.

Fachruddin HS. 1992. Ensiklopedia al Quran (cetakan I). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Faridah. “Persepsi Kyai Pondok Pesantren Terhadap Zakat Profesi”. Jurisdictie. Volume 2 Nomor 1 Juni 2011.

Al Ghazali. 1937. Al Mushtasfa. Kairo: Mathba’ah Mustafa Muhammad.

Hasbullah, ‘Ali. 1964. Ushul al Tasyri’ al Islami. Mesir: Dar al Ma’rifah.

Hariyanto, Beni. 2006. Analisis Pemikiraan Didin Hafiduddin tentang Zakat Profesi. (skripsi). Semarang: Fakultas Syari’ah Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Walisongo Semarang.

Hafidhuddin, Didin. 2004. Panduan Praktis Tentang Zakat Infak Sedekah (cetakan IV) Jakarta: Gema Insani Press.

Isma’il, Syauqi. 1986. Penerapan Zakat di Dunia Modern. Jakarta: Pustaka Dian Antar Kota.

Djamil. Fathurrahman. 1997. Filsafat Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu.

Junaidi, Ahmad. 2004. Jurnal al Banjari. Nomor 6 Volume 3.

Aripin, Jaenal. 2012. Kamus Ushul Fikh. Jakarta: Kencana.

Kurde, Nukthoh Arfawie. 2005. Memungut Zakat dan Infaq Profesi oleh Pemerintah Daerah bagi Pegawai Negeri dan Pegawai Perusahaan Daerah (cetakan I). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Kohar, Mas’ud Khasan Abdul. 1988. Kamus Istilah Ilmu Pengetahuan. Surabya: Usaha Nasional.

Khin, Mustafa Sa’id. 1998. Asrar al Ikhtilaf fi al Qawa’id al Ushuliyyah fi Ikhtilafi al Fuqaha’. Bairut: al Risalah.

Khallaf, Abdul Wahhab. 1996. Kaidah-Kaidah Hukum Islam. Terjemahan oleh Noer Iskandar al Basrany. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Khallaf, Abdul Wahhab. 1942. ‘Ilmu Ushul al Fiqh. Kairo: Maktabah ad Da’wah alIslamiyyah.

Khallaf, Abdul Wahhab. 1972. Masadir al Tasyrie’ al Islami fi ma La Nassha. Kuwait, Dar al Qolam.

Latifah, Faridatul. 2010. Zakat Profesi Perspektif al Qardawi dan Didin Hafiduddin, Skripsi Fakultas Syari’ah UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.

Muhammad. 2002. Zakat Profesi: Wacana Pemikiran dalam Fiqh Kontemporer (cetakan I). Jakarta: Salemba Diniyah.

Kelib, Abdullah. 1996. Hukum Zakat Profesi Dan Pelaksanaannya Pada Kalangan Profesional Muslim di Kota Madya Semarang. Semarang: Universitas Islam Sultan Agung.

Mahfud, Sahal. 1994. Nuansa Fiqh Sosial. Yogayakarta: LKiS bekerjasama dengan Pustaka Pelajar.

Al Mawardi. t.th. al Hawi al Kabir. Juz III. Bairut: Dar al Kitab al ‘Ilmiyyah.

Al Na’im, Abdullah Ahmad. 1990. Dekontruksi Syari’ah. Terjemahan oleh Ahmad Suaedi (cetakan I). Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Praja, Juhaya S. 1995. Filsafat Hukum Islam. Bandung: UNISBA.

Qadir, Abdurrahman. 1990. Studi Pembaharuan Hukum Islam, Studi Pemikiran Yusuf al Qardawi tentang Zakat Profesi. Jakarta: IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah.

Al Qardawi, Yusuf. 1973. Fiqh al Zakah Dirasah Muqaranah li Ahkamiha wa Falsafatiha fi Dhaw’i al Quranwa al Sunnah ( cetakan III). Bairut: Muassasah al Risalah.

Al Qardawi, Yusuf. 2003. Perjalanan Hidupku 1. Terjemahan oleh Cecep Taufikurrahman dan Nandang Burhanuddin. Jakarta: Pustaka al Kautsar.

Al Qardawi, Yusuf. 1994. Masalah-Masalah Islam Kontemporer, alih bahasa Muhammad Ichsan (cetakan I). Jakarta: Najah Press.

Al Qardawi, Yusuf. 1996. Fiqh al Zakah (Hukum Zakat) Terjemahan oleh Didin Hafidhuddin, Salman Harun dan Hasanuddin (cetakan IV). Bogor: Pustaka Litera Antar Nusa.

Shihab, M. Quraish. 1999. Membumikan al Quran. Bandung: Mizan.

Sabiq, Sayid. 1983. Fiqh al Sunnah (jilid I, cetakan IV). Bairut: Darul Fikr.

Al Syawkani. tt. Naylu al Awtar (jilid IV). Bairut: Daru al Jail.

Al Shiddieqy, T.M. Hasbi. 1984. Pedoman Zakat. Jakarta: PT. Bulan Bintang.

Salim, Peter Salim dan Yenny. 1999. Kamus Bahasa Indonesia Kontemporer. Jakarta: Modern English Press.

Al Sarakhsi. 1954. Ushul al Sarakhsi. Kairo: Matba’ah Dar al Kitab al ‘Arabi.

Tim Lajnah Ta’lif wan Nasyr (LTN) PBNU. 2011. Ahkamul Fuqaha: Solusi Problematika Aktual Hukum Islam, Keputusan Mukatamar, Munas, dan Konbes Nahdlatul Ulama’ (1926-2010 M). Surabaya: Khalista. Tim Penyusun. 1988. Kamus Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Depdikbud, Balai Pustaka.

Usman, Muchlis. 2002. Kaidah-Kaidah Ushuliyah dan Fiqhiyah. Jakarta: PT.Raja Grafindo Persada.

Yasid, Abu. 2012. Metodologi Penafsiran Teks, Memahami Ushul Fiqh Sebagai Epistemologi Hukum. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Al Zuhaili, Wahbah. Tt. Al Wajiz Fi Ushuli al Fiqh. Bayrut: Dar al Fikr.

Zuhdi, Masjfuk. 1997. Masail Fiqhiyah (cetakan X). Jakarta: Gunung Agung.

Zein, Satria Efendi M. 2005. Ushul Fiqh. Jakarta: Prenada Media.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v16i1.3039

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Tools:
 
 
 
 

All publication by Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi Islam, P-ISSN : 1858-4349, E-ISSN : 2442-5249