TAFSÎR ON JIHAD VERSES IN AKU MELAWAN TERORIS: Relevance Measurement in The Perspective of Fakhr Dîn al-Râzî

Ali Hamdan

Abstract


A discourse on justification of radical act faked as jihad based on Fakhr al-Dîn al-Râzî’s perspective is the cause of this study. The question is “How is al-Râzî’s opinion on verses used to justify radical acts which are faked as jihad?” This study uses the perspective of Fakhr al-Dîn al-Râzî’s Tafsîr bi al-Ra’yi. This is a library research employing qualitative explorative paradigm. All data are in the form of documentation; primary data are from Mafâtî al-Ghayb and book entitled Aku Melawan Teroris as well as other secondary data. The study shows, first: jihad and its meaning are relevant with the period of Quran revelation to date and theologically they will also be relevant in the future; nothing changes from jihad’s concept and substance except the situation and condition. Second, there are five verses in Quran becoming the justification basis of radical acts in the name of jihad i.e. Q.S. al-Tawbah [9]: 5, Q.S. al-Tawbah [9]: 14, QS al-Tawbah [9]: 36, Q.S. Anfâl [8]: 39, and  Q.S. al-Baqarah [2]: 191; yet it is contra productive for al-Râzî. Through this study, al-Râzî’s tafsîr model is expected to be a formula and new opinion to deeply comprehend, contextual wise, the meaning of those verses.

Keywords


Imam Samudra; jihad; Mafâtîḥ al-Ghayb; al-Râzî; tafsir bi al-ra’yî

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ua.v21i1.8467

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