Muhammad Ismail Hasan, Asrul Mahjuddin Ressang Aminuddin, Hazrina Haja Bava Mohidin


This study elucidates the hospitality practices by male and female students in selected Islamic university student housing (ISH) to propose the design framework emphasizing the spatiality values as social sustainability. Hospitality is seen as a significant aspect of Indonesian culture, which means acceptance and paying respect to other people in our own space. This culture is perceived as an entity in locality values that needs to be accommodated as the lesson learned for students during their stay in Islamic student housing. The study employs senior students to participate in Focus Group Discussions (FGD) to share their experiences regarding living in the multiuser bedroom. Qualitatively, the data are being analyzed using Atlas.ti to illustrate the intercorrelated codes towards the emergence of hospitality mechanisms among students. During their stay in Islamic student housing, joint activities conducted by students emerge with local values in hospitality action that enhance their social connectedness among their roommates and housemates. The analysis found that designated spaces must accommodate their activities toward social sustainability in design. This study is fruitful for the future design of Islamic student housing that considers local values in hospitality for social sustainability.


Islamic student housing; hospitality; spatial; locality; Islamic architecture

Full Text:



[1] A. Beringer, T. Wright, and L. Malone, "Sustainability in higher education in Atlantic Canada," International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 48–67, Jan. 2008, doi: 10.1108/14676370810842184.

[2] S. J. Briggs, Z. P. Robinson, R. L. Hadley, and R. Laycock Pedersen, "The importance of university, students and students' union partnerships in student-led projects," International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1409–1427, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1108/IJSHE-01-2019-0050.

[3] S. Swearingen White, "Sustainable campuses and campus planning. Experience from a classroom case study at the University of Kansas," International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 344–356, Dec. 2003, doi: 10.1108/14676370310497561.

[4] J. Coulson, P. Roberts, and I. Taylor, University Planning and Architecture. Oxford: Routledge, 2015. doi: 10.4324/9781315750774.

[5] I. P. Lacerda and F. Valentini, “Impacto da Moradia Estudantil no Desempenho Acadêmico e na Permanência na Universidade,” Psicologia Escolar e Educacional, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 413–423, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.1590/2175-35392018022524.

[6] R. J. Sargisson, "Do parking fees affect commuting choices of staff and students on a university campus?," International Journal of Transport Development and Integration, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 189–201, 2018, doi: 10.2495/TDI-V2-N2-189-201.

[7] M. Magni, G. Pescaroli, and A. Bartolucci, "Factors influencing university students' accommodation choices: risk perception, safety, and vulnerability," Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 791–805, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s10901-019-09675-x.

[8] J. Breunig, P. S. Calderón Arias, P. Mudavanhu, A. Syal, B. Schulte, and E. Hornecker, "Carpet Tiles: Interactive and Modular Carpets to support International Students in Shared Dorms to Feel at Home," in Mensch und Computer 2021, B. Pfleging, D. Kern, and S. Schneegass, Eds., New York, NY, USA: ACM, Sep. 2021, pp. 140–144. doi: 10.1145/3473856.3473995.

[9] A. C. Schwtner David and L. C. Garcia Manzano, “Discursos intolerantes na internet: o caso brasileiro do ranking sexual da Universidade de São Paulo,” Forma y Función, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 81–99, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.15446/fyf.v32n1.77417.

[10] K. Brookfield, "Studentified areas as contested heterotopias: Findings from Southampton," Area, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 350–359, 2019, doi: 10.1111/area.12458.

[11] L. McCann, N. Hutchison, and A. Adair, "Student residences: time for a partnership approach?," Journal of Property Investment and Finance, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 128–146, 2020, doi: 10.1108/JPIF-11-2019-0140.

[12] B. H. Pollock et al., "Safe reopening of college campuses during COVID-19: The University of California experience in Fall 2020," PLoS One, vol. 16, no. 11 November, 2021, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0258738.

[13] J. J. Gregory and J. M. Rogerson, "Studentification and commodification of student lifestyle in Braamfontein, Johannesburg," Urbani Izziv, vol. 30, pp. 178–193, 2019, doi: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2019-30-supplement-012.

[14] A. Alamel, “Les transformations du secteur du logement étudiant au Royaume-Uni depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale,” Espace Popul Soc, no. 2019/3, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.4000/eps.9521.

[15] C. Kinton, D. P. Smith, J. Harrison, and A. Culora, "New frontiers of studentification: The commodification of student housing as a driver of urban change," Geographical Journal, vol. 184, no. 3, pp. 242–254, 2018, doi: 10.1111/geoj.12263.

[16] M. Thahir, "The Role and Function of Islamic Boarding School: An Indonesian Context," Tawarikh, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 197–208, 2014.

[17] M. Mustafa, A. Yudono, R. Wikantari, and A. Harisah, "Implementation of islamic values in houses around darul istiqamah islamic boarding school in Maccopa, Maros," Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 2731–2746, 2018.

[18] S. P. Dash and N. L. Thilagam, "DEVELOPING A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF CREATIVE PLACEMAKING FOR SOCIAL COHESION," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 5–26, Feb. 2023.

[19] I. M. Lami and B. Mecca, "Assessing Social Sustainability for Achieving Sustainable Architecture," Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 142, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.3390/su13010142.

[20] S. F. Büyükçam and H. Eyüboğlu, "An evaluation on the adaptive reuse of monuments with a focus on sustainability," Open House International, Feb. 2022, doi: 10.1108/OHI-03-2022-0072.

[21] B. Belmessaoud -Boukhalfa, "The ethical dimension of Islamic urban architectural heritage as sustainable design," in Sustainable City VII, Rome: WIT Press, May 2012, pp. 917–928. doi: 10.2495/SC120772.

[22] S. Omer, Islamic Architecture Its Philosophy Spiritual Significance & Some Early Developments. Kuala Lumpur: A.S. Noordeen, 2009.

[23] Indrawati, S. Soetomo, B. Setioko, T. W. Murtini, and Nurhasan, “Edu – Religious Tourism Based on Islamic Architecture Approach, a Prelimenary Research in Majasto Cemetery – Sukoharjo Regency Central Java,” Procedia Soc Behav Sci, vol. 227, pp. 656–663, Jul. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.06.129.

[24] Z. Othman, R. Aird, and L. Buys, "Privacy, modesty, hospitality, and the design of Muslim homes: A literature review," Frontiers of Architectural Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 12–23, Mar. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.foar.2014.12.001.

[25] S. Omer, Islam & Housing. Kuala Lumpur: A.S. Noordeen, 2010.

[26] R. Firmansyah, N. Shaari, S. Ismail, and N. Utaberta, "Learning Model and Islamic Values of Spatial Design To Support Learning Space Model of Pesantren in Indonesia Learning Model and Islamic Values of Spatial Design To Support Learning Space Model of Pesantren in Indonesia," International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, vol. 29, no. June, pp. 4779–4787, 2020.

[27] R. Firmansyah, N. Shaari, S. Ismail, N. Utaberta, and I. M. S. Usman, "OBSERVATION OF FEMALE DORM PRIVACY IN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOLS IN WEST JAVA, INDONESIA," Journal of Islamic Architecture, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 360–368, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.18860/jia.v6i4.13091.

[28] R. R. Wiyatasari, R. Firmansyah, and U. I. M. Hanafiah, "Supporting Facilities of Dormitory Room at Modern Islamic Boarding Schools," Pendhapa, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 1–6, Dec. 2022.

[29] S. Omer, "Towards Understanding Islamic Architecture," Islam Stud, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 483–510, 2008, Accessed: May 05, 2021. [Online]. Available:

[30] S. Omer, "Some Lessons from Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in Architecture: The Prophet's Mosque in Madīnah | Intellectual Discourse," INTELLECTUAL DISCOURSE, vol. 18, no. 1, Jun. 2010, Accessed: Oct. 15, 2020. [Online]. Available:

[31] P. Atmodiwirjo and Y. A. Yatmo, "Urban Interiority : Emerging Cultural and Spatial Practices," INTERIORITY, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2021, doi: 10.7454/in.v4i1.131.

[32] Y. A. Yatmo and P. Atmodiwirjo, "Spatial strategies for domestic service activities in urban kampung houses," International Journal of Technology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 24–33, 2013, doi: 10.14716/ijtech.v4i1.1224.

[33] A. R. Harani, T. W. Murtini, and M. K. Wardhani, "Interior Practice of Women in Kampung Kauman Semarang," Interiority, vol. 5, no. 1, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.7454/in.v5i1.128.

[34] C. Lashley, "Studying hospitality: Insights from social sciences," Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 69–84, Apr. 2008, doi: 10.1080/15022250701880745.

[35] M. L. Stephenson, "Deciphering 'Islamic hospitality': Developments, challenges and opportunities," Tour Manag, vol. 40, pp. 155–164, Feb. 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2013.05.002.

[36] Y. Waghid and P. Smeyers, "Re-envisioning the Future: Democratic Citizenship Education and Islamic Education," Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 539–558, Nov. 2014, doi: 10.1111/1467-9752.12118.

[37] A. S. Al-Mohannadi and R. Furlan, "The syntax of the Qatari traditional house: privacy, gender segregation and hospitality constructing Qatar architectural identity," Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 263–283, Mar. 2022, doi: 10.1080/13467581.2020.1869555.

[38] A. AL-Mohannadi, R. Furlan, and M. D. Major, "A cultural heritage framework for preserving Qatari vernacular domestic architecture," Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 12, no. 18, 2020, doi: 10.3390/SU12187295.

[39] M. AlKhateeb and H. Peterson, "The impact of COVID-19 on perceptions of home and house design in Saudi Arabia," Strategic Design Research Journal, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 327–338, Apr. 2021, doi: 10.4013/sdrj.2021.141.27.

[40] B. Wiryomartono, Perspectives on Traditional Settlements and Communities. 2014. doi: 10.1007/978-981-4585-05-7.

[41] B. İpekoğlu, "An architectural evaluation method for conservation of traditional dwellings," Build Environ, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 386–394, Mar. 2006, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.02.009.

[42] M. I. Hasan, B. Noor Prabowo, and H. H. Bava Mohidin, “An Architectural Review of Privacy Value in Traditional Indonesian Housings: Framework of Locality-Based on Islamic Architecture Design,” Journal of Design and Built Environment, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 21–28, Apr. 2021, doi: 10.22452/jdbe.vol21no1.3.

[43] M. I. Hasan, A. M. R. Aminuddin, and H. H. B. Mohidin, "Locality of Building Orientation in Traditional Indonesian Architecture: A Systematic Literature Review," Journal of Design and Built Environment, vol. 22, no. 3, 2022.

[44] M. I. Hasan, A. M. R. Aminuddin, and H. H. B. Mohidin, "The Hospitality Mechanisms of Traditional Indonesian Houses: A Systematic Literature Review," 2023, pp. 255–261. doi: 10.1007/978-981-19-8024-4_21.

[45] N. Sadaka et al., "Architectural Structural Survey of Groups of Traditional Timber Houses in South Nias, Indonesia," Adv Mat Res, vol. 778, pp. 74–81, Sep. 2013, doi: 10.4028/

[46] A. Rahmadina and Y. N. Lukito, "Continuity and adaptation of veranda from traditional betawi house to modern house design," in 4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference (i-TREC) - Sustainable Energy and Environment for Tropical Climate, Bali: Universitas Indonesia, Sep. 2020, p. 070015. doi: 10.1063/5.0015010.

[47] A. Abidah, "Symbols of Social Strata Border in Traditional House Architecture (Case Study: Saoradja Lapinceng and Banua)," in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Education, Science, and Technology (ICEST 2017), Makassar: Atlantis Press, Mar. 2017. doi: 10.2991/icest-17.2017.74.

[48] T. E. Darmayanti, “The Ancestral Heritage: Sundanese Traditional Houses Of Kampung Naga, West Java, Indonesia,” in PROCEEDING of 4TH INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CONTROL CONFERENCE 2016 (IBCC 2016), S. N. B. Kamaruzzaman, A. S. B. Ali, N. F. B. Azmi, and S. J. L. Chua, Eds., Kuala Lumpur: MATEC Web of Conferences, Mar. 2016, p. 00108. doi: 10.1051/matecconf/20166600108.

[49] M. F. Suharto, R. S. S. I. Kawet, and M. S. S. S. Tumanduk, "A Comparative Study of the Traditional Houses Kaili and Bugis-Makassar in Indonesia," in PROCEEDING OF 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATION IN ENGINEERING AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, Manado: IOP Conference Series-Materials Science and Engineering, Oct. 2018, p. 012077. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/306/1/012077.

[50] E. Nuraeny, D. Susanto, and K. R. Kurniawan, "Preliminary Study in Finding Alternative Materials: A Study on Traditional Malay Stage-House Typology and Construction in Bangka Island," in Proceeding of 3rd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference on Sustainable Development of Tropical Renewable Energy (i-TREC), E. Kusrini, F. H. Juwono, A. Yatim, and E. A. Setiawan, Eds., Kuta: E3S Web of Conferences, Sep. 2018, p. 04018. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20186704018.

[51] Sarmini, U. Nadiroh, and A. W. Basriyani, "The transformation of the dimension of the meaning of traditional house joglo into a modern house," J Phys Conf Ser, vol. 953, p. 012168, Jan. 2018, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/953/1/012168.

[52] H. Hanan, "Modernization and Cultural Transformation: The Expansion of Traditional Batak Toba House in Huta Siallagan," in Proceeding of ASEAN Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies (AcE-Bs) on Way of Life - Socio-Economic and Cultural Context, Bangkok: Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, Jul. 2012, pp. 800–811. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.08.082.

[53] V. Agustina, "A comparative study: The spatial organization of pre and post disaster house in traditional cultured area; study case: Core house project in Kasongan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia," in PROCEEDING OF 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING ENGINEERING (ICONBUILD 2017), Palembang: AIP Conference Proceedings, Aug. 2017, p. 080005. doi: 10.1063/1.5011593.

[54] Syamsiah, Y. Hala, S. F. Hiola, and K. Azis, "Local knowledge of wanga (Pigafetta elata) as materials of traditional house at South Sulawesi, Indonesia," in Proceeding of 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture (IConGDM), Ho Chi Minh City: AIP Conference Proceedings, Apr. 2018, p. 020193. doi: 10.1063/1.5066834.

[55] T. Maknun, M. Hasjim, M. Muslimat, and M. Hasyim, "The form of the traditional bamboo house in the Makassar culture: A cultural semiotic study," Semiotica, vol. 2020, no. 235, pp. 153–164, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.1515/sem-2017-0162.

[56] S. R. Ju, D. Y. Kim, and R. B. Santosa, "Dualism in the Javanese House and Transformation With focus on the houses of Kotagede, Yogyakarta," Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 71–78, Jan. 2018, doi: 10.3130/jaabe.17.71.

[57] U. J. Cahyono, B. Setioko, and T. W. Murtini, "Transformation of form in the growth of modern Javanese house in Laweyan Surakarta," Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 288–295, 2017, doi: 10.3846/20297955.2017.1411848.


[59] C. Bollo and T. Collins, "The Power of Words: Grounded Theory Research Methods in Architecture & Design," in Architectural Research Centers Consortium (ARCC) University of Utah, 2017, pp. 87–94.

[60] D. R. Thomas, "A General Inductive Approach for Analyzing Qualitative Evaluation Data," American Journal of Evaluation, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 237–246, Jun. 2006, doi: 10.1177/1098214005283748.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Islamic Architecture

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Phone (+62) 341 558933,Facsimile (+62) 341 558933
e-mail: /


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.