Putri Suryandari, Jamhari Jamhari, Ahmad Shahid


In Indonesia, there is an ongoing trend toward a rise in modern mosque architecture without domes and traditional identity. Although contemporary mosque architecture is increasing in Indonesia and the world, the concept still generates debate among Islamic society and intellectuals. This study aims to analyze how the conception of symbols and meaning, the architectural style of contemporary mosques in the Indonesian Reformation Era can be accepted by society. The study method is qualitative, by applying library and research field studies. Procedure data collection using method interview, observation, and documentation. The objects of his research are the Assamawaat Mosque-Tangerang, Muhammadiyah PP A-Tanrim Mosque-Central Jakarta, Jami' Darussalam Mosque-Central Jakarta, Al Azhar Bekasi Mosque, Asmaul Husna Bekasi Mosque, Al Safar KM88 Mosque-Cipularang, Merapi Mosque-Jogyakarta, Al Ikhlas Mosque /Honeycomb-Sidoarjo's. This research applied the theory of Roland Bartes semiotic approach; the sacred and profane meaning, Charles Jenks theory to obtain the Symbol Theory of contemporary mosque architectural styles in the Indonesian reform era, and Sayyed H Nasr for Philosophy of Islamic architecture. The findings and results of the study are Contemporary Mosque Architecture in Indonesia, Symbolizing the Hybrid of Islam, and the West. So, Islamic and Western cultures live and develop well in Indonesia. I recommend the results of this research to architectural practitioners, academics, and the public to be applied to contemporary mosque designs.


Islamic-Western hybrid; contemporary mosque; mosque architecture; Indonesian reform era; mosque symbol and meaning; spiritual mosque

Full Text:



A. A. Putri Suryandari, “The Architecture of a Mosque Without a Dome as a Trace of the Development of Muslim Intellectuals,” J. INDO-ISLAMIKA, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 215–240, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.15408/jii.v11i2.21497.

S. Kurniawan, “Masjid Dalam Lintasan Sejarah Umat Islam,” J. Khatulistiwa-Journal Islam. Stud., vol. 4, no. September, p. 169, 2014.

R. F. Alsabban, I. N. Al-Bukhari, and A. M. Shehata, “Characterization Framework of Contemporary Mosques in Islamic Cities.,” J. Eng. Comput. Archit. ·, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 12–17, 2020.

K. Mouratidis and R. Hassan, “Contemporary versus traditional styles in architecture and public space: A virtual reality study with 360-degree videos,” Cities, vol. 97, no. June 2019, p. 102499, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2019.102499.

D. Dewiyanti and B. S. Budi, “THE SALMAN MOSQUE : THE PIONEER OF THE MOSQUE DESIGN IDEA, THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE COINAGE OF THE TERM CAMPUS MOSQUE ' IN," J. Islam. Archit., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 143–153, 2015, doi: 10.18860/jia.v3i4.2746.

T. Hidjaz, N. Soewarno, and D. Fitriany, “The Symbolic Meaning of Mosque Architecture as Adaptation to the Residential Environment, in the Social, Economic and Cultural Contexts in Lombok,” Int. J. Archit. Arts Appl., vol. 5, no. 3, p. 64, 2019, doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20190503.11.

J. Hatta, “Konstruksi Mitos Iluminasi pada Masjid Al Safar (Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes),” J. Sosiol. Agama, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 67, 2019, doi: 10.14421/jsa.2019.132-04.

I. N. Raditya, “‘Sejarah Masjid Al Safar Karya Ridwan Kamil & Tudingan Illuminati,’”, 2019. (accessed Apr. 01, 2020).

M. Aref, "Zaha Hadid, the genius of the place," Contemp. Arab Aff., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 267–287, 2011, doi: 10.1080/17550912.2011.591545.

J. P. Aschner, “Poetical, Polite, Political Architecture in Latin America,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 471, no. 7, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/471/7/072026.

M. Mugiyono, “Perkembangan Pemikiran Dan Peradaban Islam Dalam Perspektif Sejarah,” J. Ilmu Agama UIN Raden Fatah, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–20, 2013.

E. Fajar Nugraha and A. * Ashadi, “Kajian Arsitektur Semiotika Pada Bangunan Masjid Raya Al-Azhar Summarecon Bekasi,” Semin. Nas. Komunitas dan Kota Berkelanjutan, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 544–552, 2020, [Online]. Available:

A. Hoteit, “Contemporary architectural trends and their impact on the symbolic and spiritual function of the mosque,” Int. J. Curr. Res., vol. 7, no. April, pp. 13547–13558, 2015, [Online]. Available:

Noha Essam Khamis and D. Tantawi, “Spiritual Values Between Theological Symbolism and Design Globalization in the Contemporary Mosque Architecture,” J. Archit. Arts Humanist. Sci., vol. 6, no. 25, pp. 0–0, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.21608/mjaf.2020.23670.1505.

M. Alajmi and Y. Al-Haroun, “An architectural analytical study of contemporary minaret design in Kuwait,” J. Eng. Res., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 48–66, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.36909/jer.14523.

Q. Aini, H. Hayatullah, and C. Pepper, “Arsitektur Post-Modern,” Rumoh J. Archit., vol. 9, no. 18, pp. 34–38, 2019, [Online]. Available:

D. Murniati, “Konsep Semiotik Charles Jencks Dalam Arsitektur Post-Modern,” J. Filsafat, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 27–37, 2016, doi: 10.22146/jf.3513.

Umar, “Integrasi Konsep Islami dan Konsep Arsitektur Modern pada Perancangan Arsitektur Masjid,” Radial, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 38–46, 2019.

O. S. Asfour, “Bridging The Gap Between The Past And The Present: A Reconsideration Of Mosque Architectural Elements,” J. Islam. Archit., vol. 4, no. 2, p. 77, Dec. 2016, doi: 10.18860/jia.v4i2.3559.

A. H. Al Ghazali, Majmu’ah Rasail al-Imam al-Ghazali. Kairo: all-Maktabah at-Taufiqiyyah, tt.

A. H. Ubaid, “Employing auxiliary natural lighting systems within the elements of traditional buildings: A special study on employing one of the auxiliary lighting techniques within one of the elements of a mosque in the ancient urban fabric,” Period. Eng. Nat. Sci., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 156–173, 2023, doi: 10.21533/pen.v11i1.3436.

M. Ghouchani and M. Taji, “PROMOTING SPIRITUALITY IN THE ARCHITECTURAL THOUGHT OF THE MOSQUE: A SENSE OF PLACE APPROACH,” J. Islam. Archit., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 151–159, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.18860/jia.v6i3.10303.

I. Serageldin and J. Steele, “A Critical Methodology for Discussin the Contemporary Mosque,” Archit. Contemp. Mosque, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 38–42, 2005.

K. De Wildt, M. Radermacher, V. Krech, B. Löffler, and W. Sonne, “Transformations of ‘sacredness in stone’: Religious architecture in urban space in 21st century Germany-new perspectives in the study of religious architecture,” Religions, vol. 10, no. 11, 2019, doi: 10.3390/rel10110602.

S. Moustafa, “Contemporary mosque architecture in Turkey,” American University in Cairo, 2013. [Online]. Available:

Geoffrey Broad Bent; Charles Jencks; Richard Bunt, Sign, and Symbol in Architecture Post Modern. Chichester : John Wiley, 1980, 1980.

P. Suryandari, “The Authority of Indonesian Leader in Urban Facility and Housing Design (Sign and Symbol),” in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Sustainable Environment and Architecture (SENVAR 2018), Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2019, pp. 170–176. doi: 10.2991/senvar-18.2019.31.

Johannes Widodo, Modern Indonesian Architecture: Transplantation, Adaptation, Accommodation and Hybridization. Rotterdam: NAI Press in association with KITLV Leiden., 2007.

M. H. . Dr.Ir.ZuberAngkasa, ErfanM.Kamili, ST., MT, Dr.Antoni, Arsitektur yang Islam, Revisi. Palembang: NoerFIkri, 2021.

Johannes Widodo, The Past in the Present: Architecture in Indonesia, vol. 63, no. 2. KITLV Press Leiden, 2007. doi: 10.1111/j.1531-314x.2010.01084.x.

W. . Abdul Hadi, Islam di Indonesia dan Transformasi Budaya dalam Buku Menjadi Indonesia (13 abad Eksistensi Islam di Bumi Nusantara), 1st ed. Jakarts: MIZAN, 2006.

M. Ghozi, “Fungsi Masjid Dari Masa Ke Masa Dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an,” Pena Islam, vol. 3, no. September, pp. 68–76, 2019.

J. Nederveen Pieterse, “Globalization goes in circles: Hybridities East-West,” Hybridising East-West Empir. Contrib. to debates hybridity, pp. 21–32, 2007, [Online]. Available:

F. Zahra, S. Bin Shahir, and T. Authors, “The Spiritual Aesthetics of Islamic Ornamentation and the Aesthetic Value in Islamic Architecture,” J. Islam. Thought Civiliz., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 165–175, 2022, doi: 10.32350/jitc.121.08.



  • There are currently no refbacks.