Ar Sayed Ahmed


Art behind Islamic architecture actually based on geometric patterns, developed through a continuous practice
over the centuries after centuries by the influences of various earlier cultures such as Greek, Roman,
Byzantine, Central Asian and Persian. Basic shapes like squares and rectangles play significant role in Islamic
architecture.The reason is, it might recall the principles that govern the order of the world- ‘Purity’, could
only be resembled by pure forms. The façades built by rectangular bricks tend to shape the built form in
regular modules. This brickwork casts shadows in strong desert sunlight and creates a three-dimensional effect
as light is welcoming message from the Devine source, as it is regarded in all religions. In addition, various
pointed starry patterns are common practice and get extremely complex when the outer points are joined
together and intersections are connected in a systematic way. Another mode is based on organism of floral
forms which recalls the feminine nature of life giving. Again, nobody will argue about the contribution of
calligraphy is the most patronized art for decoration. Why have Islamic world choose this universal phenomena?
As Allah’s creation is pre-decided, the credit of all creativity belongs to the almighty. Also to his messenger,
the holy prophet; who taught us to think in this way. The world is only a shadow of real world; here man is on a
bewildered search. May be their firm belief; what man can perceive, can only discover the geometric forms to
constitute designs which were already existed before in the ‘real world’. Discovered geometric forms,
therefore, tries to exemplify that perfect reality because creation of Allah has been obscured by the sins of
mankind- Art of the complete surrender.


Islamic art, Islamic architecture,Geometrical patterns,Details in Decoration and Spirituality

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c)


Department of Architecture, Faculty of Science and Technology
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia 65144
Phone (+62) 341 558933,Facsimile (+62) 341 558933
e-mail: /


 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.