Identification of Phytochemicals Compound On the Ethanol Extract ‎of Banana Peel Musa Balbisiana Colla “Kepok Putih” and Musa X ‎Corniculata Lour. “Tanduk”‎

Fauchil Wardati, Feby Fitriahani, Ainun ‎ Nikmati Laily

Abstract


Indonesia is the largest banana producer in Asia and each year continues to increase its production. The number of banana production in Indonesia reached 4,177,155 tons in 2003 and increased continuously to 6,373,533 tons in 2009. The abundance of banana peel is not comparable with the utilization of a banana peel in the society which has so far not been processed much apart from being animal feed. Two types of bananas that are often processed but the peels have not been optimally utilized yet are “kepok putih” and “tanduk”. Banana peel of “kepok kuning” extract contains alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones, saponins and tannins. However, the phytochemical compounds of banana peel “kepok putih” and “tanduk” have not been widely studied. Thus, this research aims to identify the phytochemical compounds from banana peel of “kepok putih” and “tanduk”. The extraction method which used in this experiment was the maceration method using 96 % ethanol solvent. Based on the test results, which may be obtained, it is known that the ethanol extract of banana peel “kepok putih” contains flavonoids, tannins,  alkaloids, while “tanduk” contains flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and alkaloids

Keywords


phytochemical compound;banana peel; Musa balbisiana; Musa corniculata; kepok putih; tanduk

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/elha.v8i1.11318

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