Local Government Authority in The Field of Religion; A Study of Regional Regulation (Perda) on Zakat in Riau Province

Suparto Suparto, Admiral Admiral, Deni Jaya Saputra


Zakat as one of the five pillars of Islam is the obligation of every Muslim who can afford it and is reserved for those who have the right to receive it. With a proper management, zakat is a potential resource that can be utilized for the progress and prosperity of society. In 2018, The Government of Riau Province established a Regional Regulation (Perda) on zakat but did not obtain a Register Number from the Minister of Home Affairs so that the Regional Regulations could not be enacted in regional papers. The purpose of this study was to determine the authority of the local government in making a Regional Regulation on zakat and the urgency of zakat management to be regulated by a Regional Regulation. This research is a normative juridical with a statutory approach. The data used is secondary data and analyzed qualitatively descriptive. Based on the discussion, it was found that the authority of the Regional Government in the field of Religion; namely Zakat, is only limited to proposing the formation of the National Amil Zakat Agency (BAZNAS) to the Minister, while the regulation of Zakat through Regional Regulations violates statutory regulations considering that the mandate of the formation of Regional Regulations is only related to the implementation of regional autonomy in the context of concurrent affairs. On the other hand, the management of zakat which is regulated by Perda as in Bengkalis Regency managed to make the receipt of zakat has increased compared to before the existence of Perda. The government is not consistent in conducting executive previews of the Regional Regulation (Perda) on Zakat, because the Province of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) has a Perda on Zakat, that is No. 9 of 2015 as well as Bengkalis Regency has a Perda on Zakat, No. 3 of 2018 and received a Register Number from the Governor as a Representative of the Central Government. In the future, the Government must be consistent and equitable in conducting executive previews of the Regional Regulation on Zakat so that there are no disparities between regions in Indonesia.

Full Text:



Abadi, Husnu. From Plagiarism To Contempt Of Court, Pekanbaru : UIR Press, 2005

Abadi, Husnu, Efendi Ibnususilo, & Rahdiansyah. Review of Regional Policy in The Field of Religion which is the Absolute Authority of the Central Government, Tadulako Law Review, Vol. 3, No.1, (2018) : 79-97

Andri, “Centralization of Zakat Management in Indonesia”, An-Nahl, Vol. 7, No.2, (2020): 145-151

Arifin, Gus, Arguments and virtues of Zakat, Infaq, Sadaqah, Jakarta : Alex Media Komputindo, 2011

Asshiddiqie, Jimly, Constitutional Law And Pillars of Democracy, Jakarta : Sinar Grafika, 2012.

Azis, Muhammad, “Zakat Regulations in Indonesia; an Effort Towards Professional Zakat Management”, Al-Hikmah, Vol.4, No.1, (2014): 22-38

Bariyah, N.Oneng Nurul, “The Dynamics of Zakat and Waqf in Indonesia”, Al Ahkam, Vol. XVI, No.2, (2016) : 197-212, DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v16i2.4450

Bariyah, N.Oneng Nurul, “Study of Local Regulations (Perda) on Zakat Management in Indonesia”, Misykat Al Anwar, Vol. 1, No. 1, (2018) : 24-44, DOI: https://doi.org/10.24853/ma.1.1.%25p

Chandra, M.Jeffri Arlinades, “The Syari'ah Regional Regulations (Perda) and Regional Regulations with Shari'ah Nuance in the Context of State Administration in Indonesia”, Al Imarah, Vol. 3, No. 1, (2018) : 60-80, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/imr.v3i1.2143

Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia year 1945

Herdianto, Ahmad Wahyu,”The Role of The State in Optimizing Zakat In Indonesia”, Jurisdictie, Vol. 2, No. 1, (2011) : 103- 116,

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/j.v0i0.1581

Irhas, Decentralized Politics in the Establishment of Regional Regulations in the Field of Religion, Thesis, Faculty of Law, Universitas Islam Riau, (2017) : 1-124

Governor's Instruction No. 1 of 2019 on Collecting Zakat Income (Profession) of State Civil Apparatus (ASN) and Employees of Regional Owned Enterprises (BUMD) in The Government of Riau Province.

Kaloh, J., Finding the Regional Shape, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2007.

Kaho, Josef Riwu, Prospects for Regional Autonomy in the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta : Raja Grafindo Persada, 2002.

Kansil, C.S.T., Indonesian Government System, Jakarta : Bumi Aksara, 2002.

Mahfud MD, Moh., Legal Politics in Indonesia, Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 2009.

Muhtada, Dani, “The Legal Umbrella of Zakat in the Era of Regional Autonomy: Considering the Relevance of the Post-Law Zakat Regional Regulation No. 23 of 2011”, Ziswaf, Vol. 3, No. 1, (2016): 63-81, DOI: 10.21043/ziswaf.v3i1.2283

Nababan, Budi S.P., “Legality of Perda Zakat: Legislative Theory Perspective”, Legislasi Indonesia, Vol. 15, No. 4, (2018): 263-273, DOI: https ://doi.org/10.54629/jli.v15i4

Nopriardo, Widi, “The Development of Regulations on Zakat in Indonesia”, Syari'ah (Juris),Vol. 18, No.1, (2019), : 65-76 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31958/juris.v18i1.1369

Nurfiana dan Sakinah, “Zakat and its studies in Indonesia”, Milkiyah, Vol.1, No.1, (2022) : 21-26

Rawasita, et al., Assessing The Social Responsibility of Regional Regulations, Jakarta : Indonesian Center for Legal and Policy Studies (PSHK), 2009.

Regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs No. 80 of 2015 on the Establishment of Regional Legal Products

Regional Regulation of West Nusa Tenggara No. 9 of 2015 on Zakat, Infaq and Shadaqah

Regent Regulation of Bengkalis No. 2 of 2020 on Guidelines for Implementation of Bengkalis Regency Regulation No. 3 of 2018 on The Management of Zakat, Infak and Shadaqah

Regional Regulation of Bengkalis No. 3 of 2018 on Zakat, Infaq and Shadaqah

Saf, Mhd Abduh, “Effectiveness of Zakat Management Government In Mojokerto city and Sidoarjo Regency”, Al Daulah, Vol. 5, No. 2, (2015) : 312-332, DOI : https://doi.org/10.15642/ad.2015.5.2

Suharjono, Muhammad, “Establishment of Responsive Regional Regulations in Support of Regional Autonomy”, Ilmu Hukum DiH, Vol. 10, No.19, ( 2014) : 21-37, DOI : https : //doi.org/10.30996/dih.v10i19

Suprima dan Holilur Rahman, “Regulation of Zakat Management in Indonesia”, Yuridis, Vol. 6, No.1, (2019) : 132-146, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35586/jyur.v6i1.873

Wibisono, Yusuf, Managing Zakat Indonesia, Jakarta : Prenadamedia, 2015

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/j-fsh.v14i2.15322

Copyright (c) 2022 Suparto Suparto, Admiral Admiral, Deni Jaya Saputra

Published By:

Shariah Faculty Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Gajayana Street 50 Malang, East Java, Indonesia


De Jure: Jurnal Hukum dan Syar'iah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International