The Spiritualization of Domestic Violence in the Digital Era: Examining the Cathartic Role of Religious Institutions in Empowering Victims

Nur Faizah


This study delves into the intricate intersection of domestic violence, spirituality, and the digital age, aiming to understand the evolving dynamics and the role religious institutions play in providing catharsis for victims. As technology increasingly permeates our daily lives, the digital era has brought about new dimensions to the manifestation and perception of domestic violence. This research seeks to shed light on the phenomenon of spiritualization, where religious narratives and beliefs are interwoven with domestic violence experiences, either exacerbating or alleviating the trauma. Through a comprehensive review of scholarly literature, and digital ethnography, this study explores how religious institutions engage with domestic violence victims in the digital realm. It examines the ways in which religious teachings, counselling, and support mechanisms are leveraged to address the unique challenges posed by the intersection of spirituality, technology, and intimate partner violence.

The research also investigates the potential pitfalls of spiritualization, considering instances where religious doctrines may inadvertently contribute to the perpetuation of abuse or hinder victims from seeking help. By analyzing online forums, social media platforms, and religious websites, the study aims to elucidate the ways in which digital spaces either facilitate or impede the spiritualization process for domestic violence victims. Furthermore, the role of religious leaders and communities in raising awareness, providing resources, and fostering a supportive environment for victims is explored. The study aims to identify best practices employed by religious institutions in addressing domestic violence in the digital age, offering insights for policymakers, advocates, and religious leaders to collaboratively develop more effective strategies for supporting victims and preventing further harm. Ultimately, this research contributes to the ongoing discourse on domestic violence, spirituality, and technology, offering a nuanced understanding of the complexities involved. The findings hold implications for both academic scholarship and practical interventions, emphasizing the need for a multidimensional approach to empower victims and create a more compassionate and informed societal response to domestic violence in the digital era.

keywords: domestic violence; digital era; Islamic law.

Full Text:



Adam, Asvi Warman. Seabad Kontroversi Sejarah. Yogyakarta : Ombak, 2007: Ombak, 2007.

E., Djohan. ‘Women’s Live in Javanese Family (Ideology and Reality).’ Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Center for Population and Manpower Studies:, no. Working paper No. 9, Jakarta; 1999. (n.d.).

Ellis, Desmond, and Noreen Stuckless. ‘Domestic Violence, Dove, and Divorce Mediation’. Family Court Review 44, no. 4 (2006): 658–671.

Faizah, Nur. ‘AYAT-AYAT TENTANG RELASI LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN DALAM AL-QUR’AN: Analisis Struktural Levi-Strauss’. Al-Ahwal: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam 8, no. 2 (2016): 111.

———. ‘Nusyuz : Antara Kekerasan Fisik Dan Seksual’. Al-Ahwal: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam 6, no. 2 (2013): 113–128.

Hakim, Lukman. Kasus Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan Di Jawa Timur Tertinggi Nasional (n.d.).

Hasyim N, Kurniawan AP, Hayati EN. Report on the monitoring of the implementation of Indonesia domestic violence act in six provinces. Yogyakarta: Rifka Annisa; 2008. Report on the Monitoring of the Implementation of Indonesia Domestic Violence Act in Six Provinces. Yogyakarta: Rifka Annisa, 2008.

Jones, G. W. Marriage and Divorce in Islamic South-East Asia. Oxford University Press., 1994.

Kodir, Faqihuddin Abdul, and Ummu Azizah Mukarnawati. Referensi Bagi Hakim Peradilan Agama, 2013.

Loretta J. Stalans. ‘Family Harmony or Individual Protection: Public Remmendations About How Police Can Handle Domestic Violence Situations’. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 9, no. 2 (1984): 183–205.

Maimun, Maimun, Mohammad Toha, and Misbahul Arifin. ‘FENOMENA TINGGINYA ANGKA CERAI-GUGAT DAN FAKTOR PENYEBABNYA: Analisis Reflektif Atas Kasus-Kasus Perceraian Di Madura’. Islamuna: Jurnal Studi Islam 5, no. 2 (2019): 157.

Mayasari, Lutfiana Dwi. ‘8 Rekomendasi Hasil KUPI II: Mewujudkan Peradaban Yang Berkeadilan’ (n.d.).

McCleary-Sills, Jennifer, Sophie Namy, Joyce Nyoni, Datius Rweyemamu, Adrophina Salvatory, and Ester Steven. ‘Stigma, Shame and Women’s Limited Agency in Help-Seeking for Intimate Partner Violence’. Global Public Health 11, no. 1–2 (2016): 224–235.

Muzayanah, Umi. ‘Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga Dan Peran Lembaga Agama Di Banyumas Jawa Tengah’. Smart 2, no. 2 (2016): 199.

O’Shaughnessy, K. Gender, State and Social Power in Contemporary Indonesia: Divorce and Marriage Law. Routledge, 2009.

Purna Nisa, Martina. ‘Critical Review of Domestic Violence as Reason for Divorce (Comparison of Divorce Laws in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Maldives)’. AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial 16, no. 1 (2021): 1–26.

Rizka Nur Laila M. ‘5 Isu Krusial Kongres Ulama Perempuan Indonesia (KUPI) II, Dorong Keadilan’ (n.d.).

Rofiah, Nur. ‘Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga Dalam Perspektif Islam’. Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama dan Sosial Budaya 2, no. 1 (2017): 31–44.

Sciortino R, Smith I. ‘Kemenangan Harmoni: Pengingkaran Kekerasan Domestik Di Jawa.’ Jurnal Perempuan 1997; 3: 3034 3 (1997): 3034.

Smith, Bianca J., and Atun Wardatun. ‘Domestic Violence and Islamic Spirituality in Lombok, Indonesia: Women’s Use of Sufi Approaches to Suffering’. Contemporary Islam, no. 0123456789 (2022).

Tina Marlina, Montisa Mariana, and Irma Maulida. ‘Sosialisasi Undang-Undang Nomer 23 Tahun 2004 Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga’. Abdimas Awang Long 5, no. 2 (2022): 67–73.

Toisuta, Hasbollah, Ismail Rumadan, L A Jamaa, and Irwan Abdullah. ‘LEARNING VALUES THROUGH DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OF THE COMMUNAL CONFLICT IN MALUKU , INDONESIA’ (2014): 1347–1357.

United Nations. ‘Strategies for Confronting Domestic Violence: A Resource Manual’, 1993.

Utomo, Ariane J. ‘Women as Secondary Earners: Gendered Preferences on Marriage and Employment of University Students in Modern Indonesia’. Asian Population Studies 8, no. 1 (2012): 65–85.

Utomo, Ariane J. ‘Women as Equal Partners and Secondary Earners : Gendered Expectations on Career and Family Formation in Modern Indonesia’, no. September 2004 (n.d.): 15–17.

Wardatun, Atun, and Bianca J Smith. ‘Woman-Initiated Divorce and Feminist Fiqh in Indonesia: Narrating Male Acts of Nushūz in Marriage’. Ulumuna 24, no. 2 (2020): 266–295.

Zakiyah Munir, Lily. ‘Domestic Violence in Indonesia’. Muslim World Journal of Human Rights 2, no. 1 (2005).

Zuhdi, Syaifuddin, Kuswardani, Andria Luhur Prakosa, Marisa Kurnianingsih, Widi Astuti, and Rozanah Ab Rahman. ‘Domestic Violence as a Consequence of Nusyuz under the Islamic Law and Legislation of Indonesia’. Humanities and Social Sciences Reviews 7, no. 2 (2019): 340–348.

Ceramah Oki Setiana Dewi, n.d.

‘Fatayat NU’, n.d. diakses pada tanggal 24 Agustus 2022.

‘Komnas Perempuan 2022’, n.d.

‘Menguatkan Eksistensi Dan Peran Ulama Perempuan Indonesia: Rencana Strategis Gerakan Keulamaan Perempuan Indonesia Pasca KUPI 2018 - 2023’ (n.d.).


Copyright (c) 2023 Faizah

Published By:

Shariah Faculty Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Gajayana Street 50 Malang, East Java, Indonesia


De Jure: Jurnal Hukum dan Syar'iah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International