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by Reta Masten (2020-04-15)

Diabetes has been called a "disorder of the very Glucocell Review engine of life," and for good reason. Glucose fuels the body's trillions cells. To enter the cells, however, it needs a "key"-insulin, a chemical released by the pancreas. In a healthy person, after a meal, the pancreas responds to increases in the glucose content of the blood, releasing the proper amount of insulin. The insulin molecules then become attached to receptors on muscle cells and other cells. This, in turn, activates portals that allow glucose molecules to enter. Glucose is absorbed and burned by muscles cells. Thus, the glucose level in the bloodstream returns to normal.With Type 1 diabetes, insulin is simply not available. The person's immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Hence, Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and is sometimes called immune-mediated diabetes. Factors that can trigger an immune reaction include viruses, toxic chemicals and certain drugs. Genetic makeup may also be implicated, for Type 1 diabetes often runs in families, and it is most common among Caucasians. Without the assistance of insulin, the glucose molecules cannot enter into the cells. Glucose builds ups in the bloodstream, thwarting vital processes and damaging vessel walls.