ISOLASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI BAKTERI PENGHASIL PROTEASE YANG DISKRINING DARI TERASI

NOVI ARFARITA

Abstract


Terasi is a traditional fermented shrimp paste of Indonesia popularly used as an important ingredient in many Indonesian cuisines, and further screened for their protease-producing bacteria. A total of 117 bacterial isolates were retrieved  from 4 terasi samples. When inoculatedusing skim milk agar, 71 isolates (~61%) produced distinct clear zones implying their proteolytic activity. A bacterial isolate  namely Bacillus S2-3 wasselected for further study due to its widest clear zones when thebacterial cells and culture supernatant were used. This strain could grow up to 60oC with a broad pH range of 5 – 9. The optimal growth condition was at pH 6 and 37oC. The enzyme activity was also characterized using azocasein method. The optimal pH of bacterialenzymes was between 6 and 7 whereas the optimal temperature of BacillusS2-3 proteases was 22 – 24oC. For thermostability, the S2-3 enzymes remained active up to 2h at 40 and 50oC. The results ofbiochemical tests, BacillusS2-3 was identified as Bacillussubtilis, later explored it is potential for the purposes for  food industry

Keywords


Terasi; Identified; Bacteri; Protease

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/elha.v5i3.3098

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