Effect of Gender, Locale and School Types on the Academic Anxiety of Secondary School Students

Mohammad Hasan


The extant study investigates the levels of academic anxiety across the gender, locale and school types and also explores whether gender, locale and school types obligate any effect on the academic anxiety of secondary school students. Data from secondary school students of Azamgarh District, Uttar Pradesh, India was collected by administering the Singh and Gupta’s Academic Anxiety Scale for Children (AASC) through simple random sampling technique. In view of measuring the effects of gender, locale and school types on academic anxiety, 2X2 factorial design was used.  The two way ANOVA along with t-test and descriptive statistical technique was performed. Results reveal that across all the selected demographic variables, considerable proportion of students was reported with high level of academic anxiety. The fetched results also confirm the effects of gender and school types on academic anxiety of school students. Present study implicates with many related studies wherein gender and school types reported to have significant effects on academic anxiety of the students.


academic anxiety; gender; locale; school types

Full Text:



A.R., G., G., V. K., & Kumar, S. (2009). Depression, Anxiety and Stress among the Indian and Iranian Students. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 35(1), 33–37. Retrieved from http://medind.nic.in/jak/t09/i1/jakt09i1p33.pdf

Ajay, C. (2016). An Achievement Motivation and Academic Anxiety of School Going Students. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal, 1(4). https://doi.org/10.19080/pbsij.2016.01.555567

Azeem, A. (2018). Study of Academic Anxiety and Academic Achievement Among Secondary School Students. Journal Homepage: International Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 8(3), 2249–2496.

B.V.Ramana Rao & Anjali Chaturvedi. (2017). Study the Academic Anxiety of Secondary School Students in Relation to Gender and Locality. IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature (IMPACT: IJRHAL), 5(12), 59–62. Retrieved from http://impactjournals.us/archives.php?year=2017_14_2&id=11&jtype=2&page=14

Banga, C. L. (2016a). a Study of Academic Anxiety of Secondary School Students of Kangra District in Relation To Gender ,. (46), 46–55.

Banga, C. L. (2016b). Academic Anxiety Of Adolescent Boys And Girls In Himachal Pradesh. The Online Journal of New Horizons In Education (TOJNED), 6(1), 7–12.

Barinder, M. (1985). A study of general anxiety and test anxiety with reference to the environmental factors and extraversion-introversion of Delhi students. Fifth Survey of Educational Research, New Delhi: NCERT., 2, 337.

Bhasin, S.K., Sharma, R., & Saini, N. K. (2010). Depression, anxiety and stress among adolescent students belonging to affluent families: a school-based study. Indian Journal of Pediatrics., 77(2), 161–165.

Bihari, S. (2014). Academic anxiety among secondary school students with reference to gender, habitat and types of school. International Journal of Education Psychological Research (IJEPR), 3(4), 30–33.

Das, S. K., Halder, U. K., & Mishra, B. (2014). A Study on Academic Anxiety and Academic Achievement on Seconday Level School Students. Indian Streams Research Journal, 4(6), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.9780/22307850

Deb, S., Chatterjee, P., & Walsh, K. (2010). Anxiety among high school students in India: Comparisons across gender, school type, social strata and perceptions of quality time with parents. Australian Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 10, 18–31.

Dutt S. (1989). The effects of problem solving strategies on the problem solving ability in science of high school students in relation to anxiety level, cognitive styles and intelligence.

Gautam S. (2011). Academic anxiety of urban and rural adolescent girls in relation to their socio-economic status. International Referred Research Journal, 3(33), 27–31.

Hasan, M. (2016). Academic anxiety of male and female secondary school students in relation to their academic achievement. Educational Quest- An International Journal of Education and Applied Social Sciences, 7, 31. https://doi.org/10.5958/2230-7311.2016.00014.3

Hasan, M. (2019). Correlates of Parental Support and Academic Achievement of Male and Female Secondary School Students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 3, 200–209. https://doi.org/10.25215/0302.134

Hasan, M., & Parvez, M. (2019). Effect of Self-Efficacy, Gender and Locale on the Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students. 1881–1894.

Hemamalini, H. C. (2011). Anxiety and academic achievement of high school students of Mysore city. Journal of Community Guidance and Research, 28 (1), 94–98.

Herring, M. P., Kline, C. E., & O’Connor, P. J. (2015). Effects of exercise on sleep among young women with Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 9, 59–66. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2015.09.002

Julius, M., & Evans, A. S. (2015). Study of the relationship between study habits and academic achievement of students: A case of Spicer Higher Secondary School, India. International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies, 7(7), 134–141. https://doi.org/10.5897/ijeaps2015.0404

Kaur, M., & Simmi. (2015). Anxiety among Adolescents in relation to their Socio-Economic Status. Educational Quest- An International Journal of Education and Applied Social Sciences, 6(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.5958/2230-7311.2015.00008.2

Kumaravelan, M. E., & Selvaraju, R. (2015). Study Habits and Mental Health in Relation To Their Examination Stress of Vellore Higher Secondary Students: a Gender Wise Analysis. International Journal of Advanced Research, 3(8), 721–726. Retrieved from http://www.journalijar.com

Kumari, M. (2018). A Study of Academic Anxiety in Relation to Mental Health in Adolescents. International Journal of Current Research and Review, 10(6), 26–30. https://doi.org/10.7324/IJCRR.2018.1066

Lenka, D., & Kant, R. (2012). A Study of Academic Anxiety of Special Need’s Children in Special Reference to Hearing Impaired and Learning Disabled. Zenith International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, www.zenith, 64–72.

M.D, K. (2013). A study of academic achievement of school student in relation to their study habits, academic anxiety and academic motivation (2nd, edn.). New-Delhi: New Age International Private Limited.

Mahato, B., & Jangir, S. (2012). A Study on Academic Anxiety among Adolescents of Minicoy Island. International Journal of Science and Research, 1(3), 12–14. Retrieved from www.ijsr.net

Mattoo, N. H. & N. R. (2012). A study on academic anxiety among adolescents (14–16 years). International Journal of Social Science Tomorrow, 1 (3), 37–42.

Mehrotra, S. (1986). A study of the relationship between intelligence, socio economic status, anxiety, personality, adjustment and academic achievement of high school students. Kanpur University.

Natrajan, G. (2015). Study on anxiety level among school students undergoing higher secondary examination. International Journal of Students’ Research in Technology & Management, 3 (3), 302–304.

Njue, J., & Anand, M. (2018). Academic Anxiety and General Wellbeing: A Comparative Study among High School Students of Rohtak, India. International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology, 05. https://doi.org/10.4172/2469-9837.1000206

Panigrahi, S. S. (2017). A Study of Academic Anxiety and Teaching Performance of Trainee Teachers of CTEs of. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 6(11), 22106–22111. https://doi.org/10.15680/IJIRSET.2017.0611102

Raakhee, A., & Aparna, N. (2011). A study on the prevalence of anxiety disorders among higher secondary students. Journal of Education Science and Psychology, 1 (18), 17–24.

Rathee. (2017). Academic Anxiety: Study of Hostellers and Day Scholars In Relation to Gender and Academic Achievement Indu Rathee Associate Professor Tika Ram College Of Education, Sonipat, Haryana, India. International Journal of Advanced Research, (June), 123–128.

Rehman, A. U. (2016). Academic Anxiety among Higher Education Students of India , Causes and Preventive Measures : An Exploratory Study. 5(2), 102–116.

Sabapathy, T. (2016). A study of relationship of manifest anxiety, emotional maturity and social maturity of standard 10th students to their academic achievement. International Journal of Modern Social Sciences, 5 (2), 102–116.

Seeta, S., & Pant, R. (2015). Study of academic anxiety on the basis of gender and locality. GALAXY International Interdisciplinary Research Journal, 3 (1), 1–4.

Shahrouri, E. . (2016). Sources of academic anxiety among undergraduate students Contemporary study between private and government universities. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies (JETERAPS), 7 (2), 113–120.

Shakir, M. (2014). Academic anxiety as a correlate of academic achievement. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(10), 29–36.

Shamsuddin, K., Fadzil, F., Ismail, W. S. W., Shah, S. A., Omar, K., Muhammad, N. A., … Mahadevan, R. (2013). Correlates of depression, anxiety and stress among Malaysian university students. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 6(4), 318–323. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2013.01.014

Sharma, R. (2017). Relationship between Academic Anxiety and Mental Health among Adolescents. IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature, 5(11), 113–120. Retrieved from http://impactjournals.us/archives.php?year=2017_14_2&id=11&jtype=2&page=13

Talwar, V. (2006). Impact of anxiety, frustration, level of aspiration and intelligence on academic achievement. Unpublished, Attari College of Education, Jhansi: Bundelkhand University.

Thakur, S., & Kumar, A. (2013). Academic Anxiety among Adolescents in Relation to Socio-Emotional School Climate. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 4(11), 1238–1240. https://doi.org/10.21275/v4i11.nov151417

Thilagavathi, T. (1990). Academic achievement in relation to intelligence, creativity and anxiety. M.Phil. (dissertation). Fifth Survey of Educational Research, 2(New Delhi: NCERT), 1926–1927.

Tina & Annayat, R. (2014). Academic Anxiety of Adolescents in Relation to Their Vocational and Educational Interest.

Vazalwar, C. (2002). An interactional study of the anxiety, socio-economic status & school environment on reading comprehension in English at higher secondary school level. Unpublished, Jhansi: Guru Ghasidas University.

Yadav, P. . (1989). Anxiety, frustration and neuroticism as functions of socio economic status and cultural setting in different divisioners and failures of high school students. Fifth Survey of Educational Research, New Delhi: NCERT, 2, 1029–1030.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/jpips.v9i1.18071


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

J-PIPS (Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial)
Mailing Address
Social Studies Department
Faculty Tarbiyah and Teacher Training
Universitas Islam Negeri UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang 65144, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Telp/Fax: +62341-552398 Email: jpips@uin-malang.ac.id

Creative Commons License

J-PIPS (Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexed by:

Image result for garuda index