An Overview of Madrasah Model of Education in Indonesian System of Education: Opportunity and Challenges

Saifuddin Ahmad Husin


Madrasahs evolved from Pesantren model of education. While pesantrens were the comparative model of the colonial Dutch model of education, madrasahs are hybrid model of the two. The emergence and development of madrasahs is based on Islamic principle of “keeping traditions and adopting the new when it is better.” There is distinction between Madrasahs and Pesantren. Madrasahs are general education schools run by Islamic institutions to provide education to Muslim pupils together with religious instruction. Pesantren are Islamic Boarding Schools for teaching Islamic studies. Some madrasahs are part of the pesantren system, others are not. In decentralization perspective madrasahs face the challenges of ensuring district government to maintain a vibrant private madrasah community, addressing common fears that their Islamic characteristics will disappear, dividing the line between general and religious education when madrasah teach an Islamic approach to general education balancing the demands for improved quality and increased enrolment.


Madrasah; Pesantren Development; Decentralization; Reform

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Creative Commons License

Madrasah: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Madrasah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan 
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Jalan Gajayana 50 Malang 65144, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Telp/Fax: +62341-552398    


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