Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Paradigm is an international journal of language and literary studies which provides an academic space for researchers and writers to publish their articles containing research reports, reviews, analyses, insights, (application of) theories, and criticism on the novel issues related in the following areas:

  • Contrastive Analyses and Historical Linguistics
  • Corpus-Based Studies
  • Literary Studies
  • Comparative Literature
  • World Literature
  • Critical Theory: New Criticism, Archetypal Criticism, Psychoanalytic Criticism, Feminist Criticism, Marxist Criticism, Reader-Response Criticism, Cultural Studies, New Historicism, Deconstruction, Postcolonial Studies, Postmodernism Studies, Post-Humanism Studies
  • Literature and Media
  • Stylistics and Semiotics
  • Critical Discourse Analysis
  • Pragmatics
  • Applied Linguistics
  • Translation
  • Anthropological Linguistics
  • Literary Theory
  • Literary History
  • Literary Criticism


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Manuscripts submitted to Paradigm: Journal of Language and Literary Studies go through an internal review and if they meet the basic requirements, they are forwarded for blind review to distinguished experts in the respective field, either from the editorial board or identified reviewers. The manuscript will be given to the reviewers with anonymous authorship to avoid any subjectivity. Comments from the external reviewers are sent to the authors and they are notified of the journal’s decision (accept, accept with revisions, reject). The review process will take approximately three months after submission.

To be published in this journal, a paper should meet general criteria:

  • The paper submitted in the journal must follow Focus and Scope and Author Guidelines of this journal.
  • The submitted manuscript must be original, unpublished work, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • It must fulfill scientific merit and novelty or new contribution to knowledge to the focus and scope of this study
  • Written in English. Authors whose English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked for grammar and clarity before submission.
  • It is free from plagiarism content. All authors are suggested to use plagiarism detection software (please use Turnitin or iThenticate). Editors will also check its similarity (maximum similarity 20%).

Manuscripts are scrutinized for structure, organization, correctness, and clarity of language and compliance with the Author Guidelines. Typographical, grammatical, content clarity and format compliance of manuscripts are the author's responsibility(s). Manuscripts not meeting these conditions will be returned to the authors.

When a manuscript has passed the editorial office review process, it is subjected to a double-blind review system. At least two external reviewers are chosen from the database of this journal, the journal's editorial board, or other sources. These reviewers are subject matter experts in the field. Invitations to review are sent to the reviewers with attached abstracts. A double-blind peer review technique is used by this journal, an anonymous peer review system in which the identity of the manuscript's author(s) is kept hidden from the reviewers. Before a manuscript is given to a reviewer, details that could reveal to a reviewer of author(s)'s identity in the manuscript would be erased. When sending the reviewers' comments to the author(s), the reviewers' identities are likewise hidden from the author(s). Because it limits possible bias from either the selected reviewers or the authors, this journal deems the double-blind peer system a more effective review system.

Reviewers are expected to assess the manuscripts and provide helpful feedback so that the author(s) can improve the quality of the manuscript. The manuscript is also judged on its originality, contribution, technical excellence, presentation clarity, and research depth. Finally, reviewers provide one of the following recommendations:

  • Accept "as is"
  • Requires minor corrections
  • Requires major revisions
  • Reject. In this case, the reviewer provides the specific reason(s) why the manuscript is not further processed.

In general, to be acceptable, a paper should represent an advance in understanding likely to influence thinking in the field. There should be a discernible reason why the work deserves the visibility of publication in Paradigm Journal rather than the best of the specialist journals.

The final decision of manuscript acceptance is solely made by Editor in Chief and/or Associate Editor (together with Editorial Board, if required) according to reviewers' critical comments. Publication of accepted articles including assigning the article to the published issues will be made by Editor in Chief by considering the sequence of accepted date and geographical distribution of authors as well as a thematic issue.



Publication Frequency

Paradigm: Journal of Language and Literary Studiesis is issued online twice in a year: April and November. Each volume of this journal is published annualy.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.  We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal is: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-BY-SA)

This is a human-readable summary of (and not a substitute for) the license. You are free to: (a) Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format; (b) Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms:

  • Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.
  • No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.


Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement

The followings are the ethical codes of Paradigm: Journal of Language and Literary Studies issued by Department of English Literature, Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.  The publication ethical and malpractice statements are made with reference from the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). They cover the duties of authors, reviewers, editorial board members, and editor in chief.


  • Are responsible for conforming new and original work,
  • Must ensure the scientific merit or novelties of the work,
  • Must not submit any manuscripts that are under the consideration for other journals, and
  • Are allowed to publish their work elsewhere after receiving a formal rejection or upon the approval of their request to withdraw the work.


  • Must perform competing expertise on the interest of the journal before concurring to review a manuscript,
  • Are allowed to refuse a review of any manuscripts due to a conflict of interest or inadequate knowledge,
  • Review all manuscripts objectively, fairly, and professionally,
  • Must ensure the originality of a manuscript,
  • Must not include any parties upon the decision making on the acceptance of the manuscript only under the permission of the Editor-in-Chief, and
  • Must adhere to the time allocated for the review process. Request for extension to review the submission is on the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief.

Editorial Board Members

  • Perform as ambassadors for the journal,
  • Actively contribute to the development of the journal, and
  • Review any work assigned to them.


  • Evaluate manuscripts fairly and solely on their intellectual merit,
  • Ensure confidentiality of manuscripts,
  • Has the sole right to decide when and which articles are to be published,
  • Actively seek the views of board members, reviewers and authors on how to improve/ increase the image and visibility of the journal,
  • Give clear instructions to potential contributors on the submission process and what is expected of the authors, and
  • Ensure appropriate reviewers are selected/identified for the reviewing process.