Why Is Parental Resilience Necessary? Phenomenological Study of The Level of Parental Resilience In Assisting Children To Learn From Home/ Mengapa Ketahanan Orangtua Diperlukan? Studi Fenomenologi Tingkat Resiliensi Orangtua Dalam Mendampingi Anak Belajar Dari Rumah

Novia Solichah, Nurul Shofiah

Abstract


Abstract: Covid-19 Pandemic outbreak has become a global disease that has spread to every country in the world. Society is faced by a significant change in the order of social life. All activities are taught using daring methods. These things are the cause of many people experiencing problems such as increased anxiety and stress. It also affects parents who are forced to adapt to new realities and tend to feel stressed in accompanying children to learn daring. These things are the cause of many people experiencing problems such as increased anxiety and stress. It also affects parents who are forced to adapt to new realities and tend to feel stressed in accompanying children to learn daring. With this condition, it is important for parents to have resilience in the face of stress called resilience. The purpose of this study is to explain the importance of the role of parental resilience during the mentoring of home learning programs through the level of resilience and patterns of parental resilience during the mentoring of learning activities. The method used in this study is qualitative method with phenomenological approach. The analysis unit of this study is parents who accompany children to learn daring during the pandemic for approximately 1 year at least, from the level of grade 1-3 elementary school numbering 25 parents. The results showed that parental resilience is indispensable to motivate the child's learning, provide a sense of comfort and safety to the child, make the child happy during learning. This is shown through the results of quantitative surveys of parental resilience levels in the high category. Second, parental resilience patterns are shown by aspects of emotional regulation, impulse control, optimistic attitudes, empathy, problem analysis skills, and improved positive aspects.

Keywords: Resilience; Parental Assistance; Studi from Home

Abstrak: Wabah Pandemi Covid-19 menjadi penyakit global yang telah menyebar ke setiap negara dunia. Masyarakat dihadapkan oleh perubahan tatanan kehidupan sosial yang signifikan. Seluruh kegiatan salah satunya belajar mengajar menggunakan metode daring. Berbagai hal ini menjadi penyebab banyak orang mengalami permasalahan seperti peningkatan kecemasan dan stress. Hal ini juga berdampak pada orangtua yang terpaksa beradaptasi dengan realitas baru dan cenderung merasa stress dalam mendampingi anak belajar daring. Dengan kondisi demikian, maka para orangtua penting untuk memiliki ketahanan diri dalam menghadapi stress yang disebut resiliensi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yakni untuk memaparkan pentingnya peran ketahanan orangtua selama pendampingan program belajar dari rumah melalui tingkat resiliensi dan pola resiliensi orangtua selama pendampingan kegiatan belajar. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Unit analisis dari penelitian ini yakni orangtua yang mendampingi anak belajar daring di masa pandemi kurang lebih selama 1 tahun minimal, dari jenjang kelas 1-3 SD berjumlah 25 orangtua. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa resiliensi orangtua sangat diperlukan untuk memotivasi belajar anak, memberikan rasa nyaman dan aman pada anak, membuat anak senang selama belajar. Hal tersebut ditunjukkan melalui hasil survei kuantitatif tingkat resiliensi orangtua dalam kategori tinggi. Kedua, pola resiliensi orangtua ditunjukkan dengan aspek regulasi emosi, pengendalian impuls, sikap optimis, empati, kemampuan analisis masalah, dan peningkatan aspek positif.

Kata Kunci: Ketahanan; Resiliensi; Pendampingan Orangtua; Belajar Dari Rumah


Keywords


Resiliensi; Pendampingan Orangtua; Kegiatan Belajar Online

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adler, A. B., & Saboe, K. N. (2017). How Organisations and Leaders Can Build Resilience (1st Editio).

Block, J., & Kremen, A. M. (1996). IQ and Ego-Resiliency: Conceptual and Empirical Connections and Separateness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(2), 349–361. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.2.349

Cahyati, N., & Kusumah, R. (2020). Peran Orang Tua Dalam Menerapkan Pembelajaran Di Rumah Saat Pandemi Covid 19. Jurnal Golden Age, Universitas Hamzanwadi, 04(1), 4–6.

Campbell, L., & Stein, M. B. (2007). Psychometric Analysis and Refinement of the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): Validation of a 10-Item Measure of Resilience. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20(3), 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts

Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of a new Resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18(2), 76–82. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.10113

Elisabeth, H. B. (1978). Perkembangan Anak Jilid 2. Erlangga.

Gatt, J. M., Alexander, R., Emond, A., Foster, K., Hadfield, K., Mason-Jones, A., Reid, S., Theron, L., Ungar, M., Wouldes, T. A., & Wu, Q. (2020). Trauma, Resilience, and Mental Health in Migrant and Non-Migrant Youth: An International Cross-Sectional Study Across Six Countries. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10(March), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00997

Hollingworth, S., Mansaray, A., Allen, K., & Rose, A. (2011). Parents’ perspectives on technology and children’s learning in the home: Social class and the role of the habitus. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27(4), 347–360. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-

Hurlock B. Elisabeth. (1978). Perkembangan Anak Jilid 2. Jakarta : Erlangga

Hou, X. L., Wang, H. Z., Guo, C., Gaskin, J., Rost, D. H., & Wang, J. L. (2017). Psychological resilience can help combat the effect of stress on problematic social networking site usage. Personality and Individual Differences, 109, 61–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.048

Irma, C., K, N., & S, S. (2019). Keterlibatan Orangtua dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Ddi TK Masyitoh Purworejo. Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini.

Kim, I., Dababnah, S., & Lee, J. (2020). The Influence of Race and Ethnicity on the Relationship between Family Resilience and Parenting Stress in Caregivers of Children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 50(2), 650–658. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04269-6

KPAI. (2020). Survei KPAI: Kekerasan Anak Akibat Beratnya Beban Ibu Saat COVID-19. Tirto.Id.

Kristiyani, V., & Khatimah, K. (2020). Pengetahuan Tentang Membangun Resiliensi Keluarga ketika Mengahadapi Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 6(4), 232–237.

Kurniati, E., Nur Alfaeni, D. K., & Andriani, F. (2020). Analisis Peran Orangtua dalam Mendampingi Anak di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 5(1), 241. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v5i1.541

Lim, K. K., Matchar, D. B., Tan, C. S., Yeo, W., Østbye, T., Howe, T. Sen, & Koh, J. S. B. (2020). The Association Between Psychological Resilience and Physical Function Among Older Adults With Hip Fracture Surgery. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 21(2), 260-266.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2019.07.005

M.M, T., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient Individual Use Positive Emotions To Bounce Back From Negative Emotional Experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 24(2), 320–333.

Makhmudah, N. R. (2020). Resiliensi pada Keluarga Buruh dalam Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 di MI Muhammadiyah Beji Kecamatan Kedungbanteng Kabupaten Banyumas.

Master, A., & Walton, M. G. (2012). Minimal Group Increase Young Children’s Motivation and Learning on Group-Relevant Tasks. Willy Online Library. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.10867.x.

Munjiat, S. (2020). Analisis upaya Orangtua dalam mendidik anak dimasa pandemi. Risalah: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Studi Islam, 6(2), 230–242.

Pines, A., & Aronson, E. (2002). Career Bournout: Causes and Cures. The Free Press, A Division of Macmillan.Inc.

Ploughman, M., Downer, M. B., Pretty, R. W., Wallack, E. M., Amirkhanian, S., Kirkland, M. C., Fisk, J. D., Mayo, N., Sadovnick, A. D., Beaulieu, S., O’Connor, P., Morrow, S. A., Knox, K. B., Metz, L. M., Smyth, P., Marrie, R. A., Stefanelli, M., & Godwin, M. (2020). The impact of resilience on healthy aging with multiple sclerosis. Quality of Life Research, 29(10), 2769–2779. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02521-6

Ramadhani, F., Machmuroch, & Karyanta, N. A. (2021). Hubungan antara Resiliensi dan Kepercayaan Diri dengan Motivasi Berprestasi padaPenyandang Cacat Tubuh di Balai Besar Rehabilitasi Sosial Bina Daksa Prof. Dr.Soeharso Surakarta.

Raraswati, P. (2016). Kebijakan Pembinaaan Pendidikan Keluarga (J. P. A. U. D. PENMAS & P. P.-P. A. U. D. DIKMAS (eds.)).

Reivich, K., & Shatté, A. (2002). The resilience factor: 7 essential skills for overcoming life’s inevitable obstacles. Broadway books.

Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (2002). Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford University Press.

Subarto. (2020). Momentum of Families Developing the Learning Ability of Students Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic. Adalah: Law and Justice Bulletin, 4(1), 13–18.

Tugade M.M & B.L. Fredrickson. (2004). Resilient Individual Use Positive Emotions to Bounce Back from Negative Emotional Experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 24, no 2. 320-333

Ulva, N., & Devi, K. (2020). Adaptasi Pranata Keluarga Pada Proses Pembelajaran E-Learning Dalam Menghadapi Dampak Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Politik, Kebijakan Dan Sosial (Publicio, 2(2), 1–6.

VOI. (2020). Ada Kasus Kekerasan Anak yang Sulit Belajar Online, KPAI Minta Guru Tak Berikan Tugas Berat. Voi.Id.

Yulianti, T. R. (2014). Peranan Orang Tua Dalam Mengembangkan Kreativitas Anak Usia Dini (Studi Kasus Pada Pos PAUD Melati 13 Kelurahan Padasuka Kecamatan Cimahi Tengah. Jurnal EMPOWERMENT, 4(1), 11–24. https://doi.org/10.22460/empowerment.v3i1p11-24.569

Zimmerman, B. J. (2000). Attaining Self-Regulation : A Social Cognitive Perspective. University of New York.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/psikoislamika.v18i1.12197

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing By:

 SINTAImage result for google scholaripiii.png

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PSIKOISLAMIKA: Jurnal Psikologi dan Psikologi Islam by http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/psiko is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Visitor