Irham Irham, Septia Dwi Jayanti


To improve the students’ speaking proficiency is one of key focuses in EFL teaching. However, most students at intensive English (IE) program administered by the Language Center in the University of MI (pseudonym), one of state universities in Malang, still encounter several major problems in speaking English such as that they do not know what to say, they frequently get stuck, or they have such high levels of anxiety. These contribute much to the students’ limited speaking competence. Therefore, the current paper examines teaching and learning practice in IE program which focuses on speaking and listening skills and aims at formulating the appropriate implementation of inquiry-based learning to improve the students’ speaking skills. The data were collected through oral presentation test, questionnaire, field-notes, and interview. The criteria of success are that (1) every student gets a minimum score of 70, and (2) 75% of the class has positive attitude toward the strategy. The findings of the study revealed that the strategy could indeed improve the students’ speaking skill. In addition, it could increase their self-esteem as well as encouraged them to involve more in the learning processes. Such values might be gained when the strategy takes the steps which facilitate the students to: (1) respond several guiding questions which stimulate investigation; (2) investigate some texts, real objects, pictures, or persons to gather the required information; (3) create new ideas by discussing the information with peers; (4) present the ideas in front of the class; and (5) reflect on their own performance.

Full Text:



Banchi, H., & Bell, R. (2008). The many levels of inquiry. Science and Children, 46(2), 26.

Bakar, N. I. A., Noordin, N., & Razali, A. B. (2019). Improving oral communicative competence in English using project-based learning activities. English Language Teaching, 12(4), 73-84.

Bell, T., Urhahne, D., Schanze, S., & Ploetzner, R. (2010). Collaborative inquiry learning: Models, tools, and challenges. International Journal of Science Education, 32(3), 349-377.

Beyer, B. K. (1971). Inquiry in the social studies classroom: A strategy for teaching. Merrill Publishing company.

Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy. NY: Longman, 430.

Buchanan, S., Harlan, M. A., Bruce, C. S., & Edwards, S. L. (2016). Inquiry based learning models, information literacy, and student engagement: A literature review. School Libraries Worldwide, 22(2), 23-39.

Burnard, S. (1998). Developing children’s behavior in the classroom: A Practical guide for teachers and students. London: The Falmer Press.

Diane, L., & Anderson, M. (2011). Techniques and principles in language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Frederick, A. D. (1991). Social studies through children’s literature: An integrated approach. Englewood, Colorado: Teacher Ideas Press.

Folse, K.S. (2006). The art of teaching speaking: Research and pedagogy for ESL/EFL classroom. Michigan: The Michigan University Press.

Fromkin, V., Blair, D., & Collins, P. (2001). An introduction to language (4th ed.). Victoria, Australia: Thomson.

Hannafin, M., (1999). Open learning environments: Foundation, methods, and models. In C. M. Reigeluth (Ed.), Instructional design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory (pp. 115-140). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching. (4th ed.). New York: Pearson Longman.

Harris, D.P. (1990). Testing English as a second language. (5th ed.) New York: Mc-Graw Hill Co.

Hess, N. (2001). Teaching large multilevel classes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Huda, M. (2011). Cooperative learning: Metode, teknik, dan model penerapan. Yogyakarta: PT. Pustaka Pelajar.

Johnson, E. B. (2002). Contextual teaching and learning: What it is and why it’s here to stay. California: Corwin Press, Inc.

Kasbolah, K. (2002). Pengajaran dan pembelajaran kontekstual (CTL). Malang: Fakutas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang.

Kasbolah, K. (2008). Pengembangan inovasi pembelajaran melalui penelitian tindakan kelas. Paper presented on Semi-Workshop on Classroom Action Research for Teachers of SD, SMP, and SMA of the whole East Java, 12 April 2008. Malang: State University of Malang.

Khalaf, B. K. (2018). Traditional and inquiry-based learning pedagogy: A systematic critical review. International Journal of Instruction, 11(4), 545-564.

Kemmis, S. & McTaggert, M. (1998). The action research planner. Victoria: Deakin University Press.

Koshy, V. (2006). Action research for improving practice: A practical guide. London: Paul Chapman Publishing.

Lemlech, J. K. (1994). Curriculum and instructional methods for the elementary and middle school (3rd ed.). New York: McMillan College Publishing Inc.

Loizou, M., & Lee, K. (2020). A flipped classroom model for inquiry-based learning in primary education context. Research in Learning Technology, 28.

McNiff, J. (1992). Action research: Principle and practice. New York: Routledge.

Nurhadi. (2002). Pendekatan kontekstual (contextual teaching and learning). Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Soetjipto, B. E. (1997). Penerapan strategi pengajaran inkuiri untuk meningkatkan CBSA di sekolah. Sumber Belajar. 4:36-47.

Suarez, A., Specht, M., Prinsen, F., Kalz, M., & Ternier, S. (2018). A review of the types of mobile activities in mobile inquiry-based learning. Computers & Education, 118, 38-55.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of English for Academic and Specific Purposes

image host image hostimage hostimage hostDESKRIPSI GAMBARimage host


Editorial Office:
Pusat Pengembangan Bahasa
Program Khusus Pengembangan Bahasa Inggris (PKPBI)
Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Gedung C lantai 1
Jl. Gajayana No 50 Kota Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Kode Pos 65144, Telp/Fax : (0341) 570872


image host

JEASP : Journal of English for Academic and Specific Purposes is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International