A Revolution Or A Journey Towards Liberty? A Cognitive Metaphorical Analysis Of The Jasmine Revolution In English And Arabic News Discourse

Waheed M. A. Altohami


This study offers a cognitive metaphorical analysis of the events framing the Tunisian Revolution in English and Arabic news discourse between 2010 and 2014. The study addressed two central questions: (1) How has the Tunisian Revolution been metaphorically represented in English and Arabic political news discourse based on the cognitive domain of journey? What are the similarities and differences between the metaphorical representations in the same news discourse? The conceptual integration network emerging in the analysis is single-scope as the two input spaces of journey and revolution were demonstrated to have different organizing frames. Specifically, only the frame of journey is projected to organize the blend. Findings showed that anchoring the concept of revolution to that of journey has created a kind of semantic tension that helped journalists to evoke emotional responses and manipulate the discursive function of metaphors as persuasive tools. Because of the cross-space mappings between journey and revolution, nearly all concepts related to the revolutionary experience proved to have a counterpart in the journey frame. Equally important, the results of comparing and contrasting cognitive metaphors in English and Arabic news discourse could offer insights into the way language develops based on a cognitive basis. Therefore, learners of both English and Arabic could access the system governing language learning concerning the formation of semantic networks based on different conceptual frames, thereby enhancing their metaphorical competence. Developing learners’ metaphorical competence would help them in analyzing, reconstructing, and translating diverse textual data


Conceptual Metaphor; Blending Theory; Integration Network; Jasmine Revolution; Journey

Full Text:



Aldanani, M. (2018). Translating Metaphorical Expressions in Political Discourse: A Comparative Conceptual Study (English – Arabic). AWEJ for Translation & Literary Studies, 2(4), 144.151. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3276443

Al-Harrasi, A. (2003). Ideological Conceptual Metaphors in Arabic-English Translation of Political Discourse. International Journal of Arabic-English Studies (IJAES), 4, 85-105.

Almaani, B. O. S. (2018) The Arabic/English Translation of King Abdullah II’s Speeches: A Conceptual Metaphor Approach. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

Altohami, W. M. A. (2019). The Game-based Metaphorical Representations of the Arab Spring Revolutions in Journalistic Political Discourse. Kalbųstudijos/Studies about Languages, 35, 70-88. DOI.org/10.5755/j01.sal.35.0.23363

Al-Zou'bi, A. I., & Kanakri, M. (2020). The Translatability of Metaphor in Political Speeches from English into Arabic. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 7(3), 78-87. doi:10.30845/ijll.v7n3p7

Bogomolov, A. (2014). Constructing Political Other in the Discourse of the Egyptian Arab Spring. Scripta Neophilologica Posnaniensia. Tom XIV. 7-31. DOI 10.7169/snp.2014.14.01

Caruso, A. (2014). A ROADMAP TO PEACE - Journey Metaphors in Political Speeches on the Middle East Peace Process. Lingue e Linguaggi, 11, 79-92. DOI 10.1285/i22390359v11p77

Cibulskienė, J. (2012). The Development of the Journey Metaphor in Political Discourse: Time-specific Changes. Metaphor and the Social World, 2(2), 131–153. doi: 10.1075/msw.2.2.01cib

Charteris-Black, J. (2004). Corpus Approaches to Critical Metaphor Analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Charteris-Black, J. (2018). Analysing Political Speeches: Rhetoric, Discourse and Metaphor (2nd ed.). Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Chilton, P. (2004). Analysing Political Discourse. Theory and Practice. London and New York: Routledge.

Dávid, G., & Furkó, B. P. (2015). The Journey Metaphor in Mediatized Political Discourse. Acta Universitatis Sapientiae. Philologica, 7(2), 7–20. doi:10.1515/ausp-2015-0043

Fallah, N., & Moini, M. R. (2016). A Critical Metaphor Analysis of Arab Uprisings in “The Washington Post” and “Keyhan” Editorials. Metaphor and the Social World, 6(1), 79–102. doi 10.1075/msw.6.1.04fal

Fauconnier, G. (1994). Mental spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fauconnier, G. (1997). Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fauconnier, G., & Turner, M. (1998). Conceptual Integration Networks. Cognitive Science, 22(2), 133-187.

Fauconnier, G., & Turner, M. (2002). The Way We Think. Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books.

Fillmore, C. (1977). Scenes-and-frames Semantics. In A. Zambolli (ed.), Linguistic Structure Processing (pp. 55–82). Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company.

Gibbs, R. (1990). The Process of Understanding Literary Metaphor. Journal of Literary Semantics, 19, 65-94. https://doi.org/10.1515/jlse.1990.19.2.65

Lakoff, G. (1987). Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, G. (2013). Obama Reframes Syria: Metaphor and War Revisited. The Huffington Post. Available at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/george-lakoff/obama-reframes-syria-meta_b_3879335.html

Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, G., & Turner, M. (1989). More than Cool Reason: A Field Guide to Poetic Metaphor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Musolff, A. (2006). Metaphor Scenarios in Public Discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 21(1), 23-38. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms2101_2

Pragglejaz Group. (2007). MIP: A Method for Identifying Metaphorically Used Words in Discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 22(1), 1-39.

Reumert, A. (2014). Another Storm Heard from: Reflecting on the Natural Metaphors Assigned to the Arab Revolts. Anamesa, 12(22), 22-34.

Semino, E. (2008). Metaphor in Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Seo, S. (2020). A Critical Discourse Study on the Metaphors of the Arab Spring in the News Representations. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 27(4), 141-165.

Torlakova, L. (2014). Metaphors of the Arab Spring: Figurative Construals of the Uprisings and Revolutions. Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies, 14(1), 1-25. DOI:10.5617/jais.4636

Zibin, A. (2018). The Effect of the Arab Spring on the Use of Metaphor and Metonymy in Jordanian Economic Discourse. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 16(1), 254-298. doi: 10.1075/rcl.00010.zib

Reumert, A., 2014. Another Storm Heard from

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ijazarabi.v5i1.15449


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Ijaz Arabi : Journal of Arabic Learning is Indexed by

   Hasil gambar untuk sinta http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/public/site/images/jpai/Dimensionsx1.jpg  Hasil gambar untuk logo clarivate


Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning
Department of Arabic Language Education

Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Jln. Gajayana 50 Malang Indonesia, 

Email: ijazarabi@uin-malang.ac.id

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC-SA

© All rights reserved 2018. Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning, ISSN Print: 2620-5912 ISSN Online:2620-5947