Fuzzy Delphi Method For Developing Arabic Speaking Learning Module for Nursing Students/ Metode Fuzzy Delphi Untuk Pengembangan Modul Pembelajaran Berbicara Bahasa Arab bagi Mahasiswa Keperawatan

Khairul Huda Jaya, Zawawi Ismail

Abstract


The ability of health workers to communicate in foreign languages is a current professional demand in carrying out their duties. The concept of communicative language teaching is considered effective in realizing the ability of nurses as health workers to communicate in Arabic for specific purposes. The use of speaking learning modules in Arabic for nursing students is one of the learning strategies that can support a communicative language teaching system to the needs of their profession as nurses. This study aimed to obtain expert agreement on various elements in designing and developing Arabic-speaking learning modules for nursing students. This study used the Fuzzy Delphi method to get consensus from the experts. The application of the method involved 14 experts in Arabic education from six different universities. The results of this study found that experts have reached a consensus on 26 tested items with an average value below the Threshold (d) of 0.2. The consensus percentage also showed scores above 75% on the 26 items. Meanwhile, only one item was rejected because it obtained a Threshold (d) value above 0.2 and a percentage value below 75%. Arabic language teachers and nursing students can use the results of this study as module users. They can also be a reference for researchers and developers of the next module.


Keywords


Speaking Learning Module; Nursing Students; Fuzzy Delphi Method

Full Text:

PDF

References


AACN - American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2008. The essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice. Retrieved from. http:// www.aacn.nche.edu/education-resources/BaccEssentials08.pdf.

Adler, M., and E. Ziglio. 1996. Gazing into the Oracle: The Delphi Method and Its Application to Social Policy and Public Health. Jessica Kingsley Publisher.

Al-Khresheh, M., A. Khaerurrozikin, and A. Zaid. 2020. “The Efficiency of Using Pictures in Teaching Speaking Skills of Non-Native Arabic Beginner Students.” Universal Journal of Educational Research 8(3):872–78.

Alias, Norlidah. 2013. Development of Science Pedagogical Module, Based on Learning Styles and Technology. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Malaysia Sdn Bhd.

Antoni, Rivi. 2014. “Teaching Speaking Skill through Small Group Discussion Technique at the Accounting Study Program.” Journal of Education and Islamic Studies 5(1).

Asriyani, R., D. A. Suryawati, and I. W. A. Anggayana. 2019. “Using Role Play Techniques in Improving English Speaking Competency on the Personality Types.” In International Conference on Cultural Studies.

Bahadorfar, Maryam, and Reza Omidvar. 2014. “Technology in Teaching Speaking Skill.” Acme International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 2(4):9–13.

Baharudin, Harun, and Zawawi Ismail. 2014. “Vocabulary Learning Strategies and Arabic Vocabulary Size among Pre-University Students in Malaysia.” International Education Studies 7(13).

Barcroft. 2015. Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Routledge.

Barokah, A., and Z. Rizqiyah. 2021. “Teaching of Speaking Skill with Picture Expression Strategy at the Islamic Boarding School.” ATHLA: Journal of Arabic Teaching, Linguistic and Literature 1(2):91–107.

Berliner, DC. 2005. “The Near Impossibility Of Testing For Teacher Quality.” Journal of Teacher Education 56(3):205–13.

Berns, Robert G., and Patricia M. Erickson. 2001. “Contextual Teaching and Learning: Preparing Students for the New Economy.” The Highlight Zone: Research@ Work No. 5.

Brown, H. Douglas. 2003a. Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practice. New York: Longman.

Brown, H. Douglas. 2003b. Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. Pearson Education.

Chen, Chen-Tung. 2000. “Extensions of the TOPSIS for Group Decision-Making under Fuzzy Environment.” Fuzzy Sets and Systems 114(1):1–9.

Cheng, Ching-Hsue, and Yin Lin. 2002. “Evaluating the Best Main Battle Tank Using Fuzzy Decision Theory with Linguistic Criteria Evaluation.” European Journal of Operational Research 142(1):174–86.

Chesla, Elizabeth. 2000. Read Better, Remember More. Learning Express.

Chu, Hui-Chun, and Gwo-Jen Hwang. 2008. “A Delphi-Based Approach to Developing Expert Systems with the Cooperation of Multiple Experts.” Expert Systems with Applications 34(4):2826–40.

Darmawaty, Ridha, Muhamad Ainin, Muhammad Mujab, and Ahmad Saidi. 2021. “Developing Materials For Special Academic Purposes For Islamic Education Using Google Apps For Education/ تطوير المادة الدراسية الأكاديمية لقسم التربية الإسلامية عبر تطبيقات جوجل التربوية.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 4(3):501–17.

Din, Zulkifli, Mohamed Nasirudin, Harun Baharudin, Nik Mohd, and Rahimi Nik. 2022. “Evaluation of The Arabic Text Reading Skills Model Based On The Integrated Dini Curriculum Inquiry Activity : A Fuzzy Delphi Approach.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 5(2):373–84.

Dudley-Evans, Tony, and M. J. St John. 1998. Developments in English for Specific Purposes: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Cambridge University Press.

Graves, Kathlen &. S. Xu. 2000. Designing Language Courses: A Guidance for Teacher. Boston: MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Guterres, Charles Fatima, Sebastião Pereira, and Maria Lurdes. 2019. “Using Picture to Improve Student’s Speaking.” Journal of Innovative Studies on Character and Education 3(2).

Hadijah, Sitti. 2016. “Teaching by Using Video: Ways to Make It More Meaningful in EFL Classrooms.” Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on English Language and Teaching ISELT-4 4(2):307–15.

Hamid, M. Abdul, and Siti Fatimah. 2020. “Development of Arabic Conversation Material Based on Communicative-Interactive Approach/ Pengembangan Materi Percakapan Bahasa Arab Berbasis Pendekatan Komunikatif-Interaktif Bagi Mahasiswa.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 3(1):46–63.

Hamidova, S., and H. Ganiyeva. 2020. “Developing Speaking Skills.” Архив Научных Публикаций JSPI.

Handayani, Nengah Dwi, and Dewa Gede Agung Gana Kumara. 2017. “The Implementation of Student Team Achievement Divion and Picture Series on Improving the Speaking Skill of the 3 Rd.” JurnalBaktiSaraswati 06(01):6–9.

Helmer, Olai. 1967. “Analysis of the Future, The Delphi Method.” in The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica. California: The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica.

Hull, Melodie. 2016. “Medical Language Proficiency: A Discussion of Interprofessional Language Competencies and Potential for Patient Risk.” International Journal of Nursing Studies 54:158–72.

Huriyah, Lilik, Fifi Armita Nuriawarti, Siti Fatimatuz Zahro, and Widya Ari Hardini. 2020. “Peer Dialogue as an Effective Way for Teaching Speaking: Indonesian EFL Students’ Voices.” Atlantis Press 434.

Hutchinson, T., and A. Waters. 1987. English for Specific Purposes. Cambridge University Press.

Jaffar, Mohammad Najib, Azman Ab Rahman, and Mohd Nizwan Musling. 2013. “Fuzzy Delphi Method Application In The Development Of I-Tourism In Arabic For Specific Purpose.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 5(2):436–45.

Jamil, Mohd Ridhuan Mohd. 2016. “Pembangunan Model Kurikulum Latihan Skives Bagi Program Pengajian Kejuruteraan Pembelajaran Berasaskan Kerja.” University of Malaya.

Jamil, Mohd Ridhuan Mohd, Saedah Siraj, Zaharah Hussin, Nurulrabihah Mat Noh, and Ahmad Ariffin Safar. 2017. Pengenalan Asas Kaedah Fuzzy Delphi Dalam Penyelidikan Reka Bentuk Dan Pembangunan. Bangi, Selangor: Minda Intelek Agency.

Jones, H., and B. C. Twiss. 1978. Forecasting Technology For Planning Decisions. New York: Macmillan.

Kaharuddin, K., and A. Rahmadana. 2020. “Problem-Based Group Discussion: An Effective Elt Technique to Improve Vocational High School Students’transactional Speaking Skills.” Jurnal Ilmu Budaya 8:2.

Kaufman, A., and M. M. Gupta. 1998. Fuzzy Mathematical Models in Enginering and Management Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, North-Holland.

Ladousse, G. P. 1987. Role Play. Oxford University Press.

Lesiak-Bielawska, Elżbieta Danuta. 2015. “Key Aspects of ESP Materials Selection and Design.” English for Specific Purposes World (46):1–26.

Littlewood, William. 1981. Communicative Language Teaching: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lu, Yi Ling. 2018. “What Do Nurses Say about Their English Language Needs for Patient Care and Their ESP Coursework: The Case of Taiwanese Nurses.” English for Specific Purposes 50:116–29.

Maimuna, Muhammad Ainin, and R. Taufiqurrahman. 2022. “Arrangement Of Text-Based Handbooks To Enhance Writing Skills In Arabic Language Education.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 5(1):287–303.

Manurung, K. 2015. “Improving the Speaking Skill Using Reading Contextual Internet-Based Instructional Materials in an EFL Class in Indonesia.” Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 176:44–51.

McDonough, J, and Christopher Shaw. 2012. Materials and Methods in ELT. John Wiley & Sons.

McDonough, Jo, and Christopher Shaw. 2012. Materials and Methods in ELT. John Wiley & Sons.

al Muhsin, M. A., K. N. Mohd, A. S. Muhammad, Z. Osman, S. Makki, and M. A. Etigani. 2020. “The Characteristics of Propose Arabic Language Module for the Purpose of Tourism: A Case Study on Tourists’ Mosque in Kuala Lumpur.” Journal of Critical Reviews 7(14):515–21.

Murodi, Ahmad, Emzir Emzir, and Aceng Rahmat. 2020. “Needs Analysis of Task-Based Model of Arabic Nursing Syllabus.” Arabiyat : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 7(1):32–44.

Murry, John W., and ames O. Hammons. 1995. “Delphi: A Versatile Methodology for Conducting Qualitative Research.” The Review of Higher Education 18(4):423–36.

Nurlela. 2016. “Ta’lim Al Lughah Al Arabiyah Li Aghradh Khassah: Tathbiquhu Li Thalabah at Tamridh.” Al- Manar, English and Arabic Journal.

Ohta, Amy Snyder. 2001. Second Language Acquisition Processes in the Classroom: Learning Japanese. Routledge.

Pebrian, Rojja. 2018. “Tashmim an Namudzaj Li Ta’lim Al Lughah Al ’Arabiyah Al Ittishaliyah.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 1(2).

Pratiwi, Z. F., and M. Ayu. 2020. “The Use of Describing Picture Strategy to Improve Secondary Students’speaking Skill.” Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning 1(2):38–43.

Rahimpour, Massoud. 2010. “Current Trends on Syllabus Design in Foreign Language Instruction.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 2(2):1660–64.

Razak, Najjah Salwa Abd, Norlela Samad, and Mhd Faizal Mhd Ramli. 2018. “Experts ’ Validation on Arabic Language for Specific Purposes Course Content Using Fuzzy Delphi Technique.” Advanced Science Letters 24(September):2425–28.

Richards, Jack. 2006. Communicative Language Teaching Today. Vol. 25. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richey, R. C., and J. D. Klein. 2014. Esign and Development Research: Methods, Strategies, and Issues. Routledg.

Saienko, Nataliia, and Mariana Shevchenko. 2020. “Authentic Videos in Teaching English to Engineering Students at Universities.” International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research 19(8):350–70.

Salamonson, Yenna, Paul Glew, Bronwyn Everett, Joel M. Woodmass, Joan Lynch, and Lucie M. Ramjan. 2019. “Language Support Improves Oral Communication Skills of Undergraduate Nursing Students: A 6-Month Follow-up Survey.” Nurse Education Today 72(August 2018):54–60.

Salimi, Asghar, Soghra Dadashpopur, Ali Shafaei, and Hassan Asadollahfam. 2012. “Critical Review of Approaches to Foreign Language Syllabus Design: Task-Based Syllabus (A Shortcut).” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46:828–32.

Shorey, Shefaly, An Ling Siew, and Emily Ang. 2018. “Experiences of Nursing Undergraduates On A Redesigned Blended Communication Module: A Descriptive Qualitative Study.” Nurse Education Today 61:77–82.

Sidek, Mohd Noah, and Jamaludin Ahmad. 2005. Pembinaan Modul, Bagaimana Membina Modul Latihan Dan Modul Akademik. Selangor, Darul Ihsan: Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Siraj, Saedah. 2013. Design and Developmental Research, Emergent Trends in Educational Research. Pearson Malaysia Sdn Bhd.

Skelton, John, and Catherine Richards. 2021. “Communication for Medicine: State-of-the-Art.” ESP Today 9(1):9–29.

Swain, Merrill, Lindsay Brooks, and Agustina Tocalli-Beller. 2002. “9. Peer-Peer Dialogue as a Means of Second Language Learning.” Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 22:171–85.

Timmis, Ivor. 2016. “Materials to Develop Speaking Skill.” Pp. 83–92 in Issues in Materials Development. Rotterdam: Sense Publisher.

Tipmontree, S., and A. Tasanameelarp. 2018. “The Effects of Role-Playing Simulation Activities on the Improvement of EFL Students’ Business English Oral Communication.” Journal of Asia TEFL 15(3).

Tomlinson, Brian. 1998. Materials Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

VanPatten, B., and T. Cadierno. 1993. “Input Processing and Second Language Acquisition: A Role for Instruction.” The Modern Language Journal 77(1):45–57.

Wahid, S. F. 2016. “Tathwir Mawad Ta’lim Maharah Al-Kalam Li Thalabah Qism at-Tamridh Fi Dhaui Ta’lim Al-Lughah Al-‘Arabiyah Li Aghradh Khasshah Bi Jami’Ah ‘Ulum as-Shihhah Mitra Bandar Lampung.” Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim.

Yusof, Nabihah, Harun Baharudin, Mohd Isa Hamzah, and Nur Izzah Abdul Malek. 2021. “Fuzzy Delphi Method Application In The Development Of I-Aqran Module For Arabic Vocabulary Consolidation.” Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning 4(2):331–51.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18860/ijazarabi.v5i3.17322

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Ijaz Arabi : Journal of Arabic Learning is Indexed by

   Hasil gambar untuk sinta http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/public/site/images/jpai/Dimensionsx1.jpg  Hasil gambar untuk logo clarivate

______________________________

Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning
Department of Arabic Language Education

Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Jln. Gajayana 50 Malang Indonesia, 

Email: ijazarabi@uin-malang.ac.id

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC-SA

© All rights reserved 2018. Ijaz Arabi Journal of Arabic Learning, ISSN Print: 2620-5912 ISSN Online:2620-5947